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Table 2 Phenotypic characteristics of the global depression population according to each glycaemic sub-population

From: Are normoglycaemic individuals at risk of depression? The depression-dysglycaemic phenotype from a European population-based cross-sectional study

Global Depression p-value
n NGR IFG NDM KDM
434 149 29 65  
Median Age in years (IQR) 41 (27) 54 (18) 63 (8) 64 (11) < 0.01
Median BMI in Kg/m2 (IQR) 26.40 (5.80) 28.90 (7.96) 28.72 (5.04) 30.86 (6.08) < 0.01
Median FBG in mmol/L (IQR) 5.07 (0.48) 5.85 (0.43) 8.05 (1.91) 8.50 (3.61) < 0.01
Median LDL-C in mmol/L (IQR) 3.21 (1.09) 3.32 (1.14) 3.08 (1.45) 2.41 (1.23) < 0.01
Median HDL-C in mmol/L (IQR) 1.49 (0.73) 1.39 (0.54) 1.15 (0.51) 1.26 (0.37) < 0.01
Median Triglycerides in mmol/L (IQR) 0.92 (0.54) 1.06 (0.99) 1.68 (0.96) 1.03 (0.57) < 0.01
Median Total cholesterol in mmol/L (IQR) 5.23 (1.37) 5.50 (1.24) 5.28 (1.19) 4.38 (1.50) < 0.01
Education in years      < 0.01
  < =10 years n (%) 59 (13.59) 43 (28.86) 15 (51.72) 35 (53.85)  
 11–13 years n (%) 270 (62.21) 78 (52.35) 10 (34.48) 26 (40)  
  > =14 years n (%) 105 (24.19) 28 (18.79) 4 (13.79) 4 (2.46)  
 Current smoking n (%) 187 (43.09) 38 (25.50) 14 (48.28) 21 (32.31) 0.06
Occupation      < 0.01
 Employed n (%) 291 (67.05) 73 (48.99) 11 (37.93) 15 (23.08)  
 Unemployed n (%) 9 (2.07) 5 (3.36) 0 0  
 Student n (%) 18 (4.15) 11 (7.38) 0 0  
 Retired n (%) 32 (7.37) 36 (24.16) 13 (44.83) 32 (49.23)  
 Domestic work n (%) 84 (19.35) 24 (16.11) 5 (17.24) 18 (27.69)  
Medical history
 Coronary heart disease n (%) 25 (5.76) 6 (4.03) 8 (27.59) 14 (21.54) 0.01
 Myocardial infarction n (%) 18 (4.15) 6 (4.03) 0 6 (9.23) 0.41
 Stroke n (%) 17 (3.92) 6 (4.03) 8 (27.59) 0 0.12
 Hypertension n (%) 76 (17.51) 52 (34.90) 21 (72.41) 43 (66.15) < 0.01
IQR = Interquartile range
  1. p-value: Kruskal-Wallis test for Median values and Chi test for categorical variables
  2. % representing the proportion out of the respective glycaemic status
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