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Table 1 Measures of Correlates of Gender Disparity in Lilongwe, Malawi, June–August 2017

From: The gender gap and healthcare: associations between gender roles and factors affecting healthcare access in Central Malawi, June–August 2017

Demographic information
• Sex
• Age
• Tribal group (for analyses, this factor was categorized as Chewa vs Other)
• District (for analyses, this factor was categorized as Lilongwe vs Other)
• Religion (for analyses, this factor was categorized as Christianity vs Other)
• Marital status
• Employment status *(for analyses, this factor was categorized as employed vs unemployed)
• Education level **(for analyses, this factor was categorized as low (primary and lower) vs high (secondary and higher))
• Income
• Transport time
• Spouse age
• Spouse employment status*
• Spouse education level**
• Spouse income
• Number of children in household
• Number of people in household
Respondents’ gender attitude
• Measured using the Gender-Equitable Men (GEM) Scale from the International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES) (48)
• For analyses, scores were categorized into high vs low gender equity
Respondent’s access to and utilization of healthcare
• Questions were from previous international studies(15, 49)
• If you could not afford healthcare, could you get financial support from your family or community?
• Have you ever been seriously ill and chosen not to seek healthcare?
For respondents’ prioritization of household members for medical treatment
• Questions were from previous international studies(50)
• Whose would you prioritize for access to medical care first?
• Measures were categorized as self, spouse, son, or daughter
Respondents’ healthcare decision-making power
• Assessed by use of the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) on Women’s Status and Empowerment
• Who usually makes decisions about healthcare for yourself?
• Who usually makes decisions about your children’s healthcare?
• Who usually makes decisions about paying for your healthcare?
Respondents’ economic decision-making power
• Assessed by use of the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) on Women’s Status and Empowerment
• Who usually makes decisions about making major household purchases (e.g. bicycles or land)?
• Who usually makes decisions about minor household purchases (e.g. food and clothing)?
• Who usually decides how the money you earn will be used?
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