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Table 1 Frequency of Students Responding “Yes” to Questions about Risk-Taking Behaviors among Iranian University Students, 2019

From: Health-risk behaviors among Iranian university students, 2019: a web-based survey

Items Male (N = 2034) Female (N = 1615) Total (Standardized prevalence for sex)
n % (CI 95%) n % (CI 95%) % (CI 95%)
Smoking 734 36.4 (34.3–38.5) 121 7.6 (6.4–8.9) 18.5 (17.3–19.8)
Hookah use 359 17.7 (16.1–19.4) 62 3.9 (3.0–4.9) 9.1 (8.2–10.1)
Alcohol use 337 16.7 (15.1–18.4) 75 4.7 (3.7–5.8) 9.2 (8.3–10.2)
Substance abuse 299 15.3 (13.8–17.0) 65 4.1 (3.2–5.2) 8.3 (7.4–9.3)
Sexual risk behavior 408 20.5 (18.7–22.3) 168 10.7 (9.3–12.4) 14.5 (13.3–15.7)
  1. Note. CI Confidence Interval