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Table 2 Prevalence (%) of self-reported health status, chronic diseases, medication, general practitioner (GP) visit and oral health status in the homeless population and in the general population in Hungary

From: Health status and health behaviour of the Hungarian homeless people

  Homeless population Lowest income quintile of the general population General population
Roofless Houseless Insecure housing Inadequate housing P-value* Overall   P-value†   P-value‡
Self-reported health status
 Good/very good 2.4 4.3 6.3 14.3 0.001 5.1 36.4 < 0.001 56.4 < 0.001
 Fair 56.5 46.3 60.4 51 51.1 36.7 30.9
 Bad/very bad 37.9 35.1 16.7 24.5 32.7 26.9 12.7
 Do not know 3.2 14.3 16.7 10.2 11.1 0 0
Self-reported oral health status
 Poor dental status 79.7 79.6 72.9 81.6 0.7 79.1 42.0 < 0.001 25.6 < 0.001
 Having missing tooth 96.7 96.9 88.9 97.8 0.12 96.1 81.0 < 0.001 70.9 < 0.001
 Having a prosthesis 5.7 8.5 8.5 10.9 0.7 8.0 38.1 < 0.001 48.5 < 0.001
Prevalence of self-reported chronic diseases 76.6 85.3 56.3 73.5 < 0.001 70.4 59.2 < 0.001 49.5 < 0.001
Prevalence of comorbidity 36.3 46.1 41.7 20.4 0.007 40.1 23.5 < 0.001 14.3 < 0.001
Medication 25.0 37.2 25.0 22.5 < 0.001 30.9 56.8 < 0.001 63.3 < 0.001
Medication among people with chronic disease 37.2 45.7 39.3 35.7 0.3 34.8 92.4 < 0.001 91.8 < 0.001
GP visit
 Within 12 months 33.1 42.4 35.4 28.6 0.22 37.6 77.7 < 0.001 75.6 < 0.001
 12 months or earlier 57.3 48.9 52.1 53.1 52.0 21.3 23.8
 Never 9.7 8.7 12.5 18.4 10.4 1.0 0.6
GP visit among people with chronic disease
 Within 12 months 43.6 48.4 39.3 46.4 0.9 41.4 92.8 < 0.001 91.4 < 0.001
 12 months or earlier 47.4 44.6 53.6 46.4 51.3 7.2 8.4
 Never 9.0 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.3 0 0.2
  1. *Comparing the different homeless categories
  2. † Comparing the overall homeless category to the lowest income quintile of the general population
  3. ‡ Comparing the overall homeless category to the general population
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