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Table 3 Alcohol consumption, smoking habits and body mass index in the homeless population and in the general population in Hungary

From: Health status and health behaviour of the Hungarian homeless people

  Homeless population Lowest income quintile of the general population General population
Roofless Houseless Insecure housing Inadequate housing P-value* Overall   P-value†   P-value‡
Alcohol consumption (%)
 Abstinent 30.6 53.0 43.8 26.5 < 0.001 43.0 27.2 < 0.001 21.3 < 0.001
 Occasional 25.0 19.8 18.8 28.6 22.1 35.7 41.8
 Moderate 4.0 6.5 2.1 12.2 6.0 10.2 13.9
 Heavy 40.4 20.7 35.5 32.7 28.9 26.9 23.1
Amount of wine per day (%)
 Nothing 62.1 80.2 77.1 65.3 0.007 73.3 89.0 < 0.001 91.1 < 0.001
 0.1–3 dl 4.0 5.2 6.3 2.0 4.6 5.1 4.2
 3–9 dl 11.3 5.6 4.2 12.2 7.7 4.2 4.0
 More than 10 dl 22.6 9.1 12.5 20.4 14.3 1.7 0.7
Amount of beer per day (%)
 Nothing 59.7 77.2 79.2 67.3 < 0.001 71.5 86.4 < 0.001 89.5 < 0.001
 0.1–3 dl 2.4 0.9 0 0 1.1 1.3 1.3
 3–9 dl 12.1 13.4 2.1 6.1 11.0 6.2 6.1
 More than 10 dl 25.8 8.6 18.8 26.5 16.3 6.2 3.1
Amount of spirits per day (%)
 Nothing 64.5 81.5 83.3 69.4 0.03 75.7 91.2 < 0.001 94.8 < 0.001
 Maximum 3 shots 23.4 13.8 10.4 18.4 16.6 7.4 4.8
 3–9 shots 5.6 1.3 4.2 6.1 3.3 0.7 0.2
 10 shots or more 6.5 3.4 2.1 6.1 4.4 0.6 0.1
Cigarette smoking (%)
 Never 9.7 10.3 8.3 18.4 0.6 10.8 32.4 < 0.001 41.6 < 0.001
 Former 8.1 6.9 10.4 4.1 7.3 21.8 25.7
 Current 82.3 82.8 81.3 77.6 81.9 45.8 32.7
Number of cigarettes (%)
 0–5 cigarettes 18.6 15.5 15.4 5.3 0.002 15.3 7.8 0.002 9.2 0.001
 6–10 cigarettes 19.6 21.1 12.8 50.0 22.8 20.7 23.5
 11–15 cigarettes 17.6 22.2 25.6 15.8 20.6 22.0 21.7
 16–20 cigarettes 21.6 24.7 30.8 15.8 23.6 32.6 31.2
 > 20 cigarettes 22.5 16.5 15.4 13.2 17.7 16.9 14.3
Body mass index (%)
 Abnormally thin 2.6 4.4 6.4 4.4 0.6 4.1 1.8 < 0.001 0.8 < 0.001
 Normal 65.2 56.8 59.6 69.6 60.9 36.3 31.1
 Overweight 22.6 22.8 21.3 15.2 21.7 35.5 41.0
 Obese 9.5 16.1 12.7 10.8 13.3 26.5 27.1
  1. *Comparing the different homeless categories
  2. † Comparing the overall homeless category to the lowest income quintile of the general population
  3. ‡ Comparing the overall homeless category to the general population
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