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Table 7 Base case cost-effectiveness results of the salt substitution strategies from the cost-effectiveness model, Vietnam

From: The cost-effectiveness of government actions to reduce sodium intake through salt substitutes in Vietnam

Strategy Cost IncrementalCost Strokes avoided IHD events avoided QALYs gained Incremental Effectiveness ICER
No intervention 1,053,481 ₫ (US$ 45.39) 13.33
Voluntary 1,050,036 ₫ (US$ 45.24) −3445 ₫ (−US$ 0.15) 32,595 22,830 13.34 0.009 DOMINANT
Subsidised 1,010,292 ₫ (US$ 43.53) −43,189 ₫ (−US$ 1.86) 768,384 537,157 13.35 0.022 DOMINANT
Regulatory 809,951 ₫ (US$ 34.90) −243,530 ₫ (−US$ 10.49) 236,6480 1,648,590 13.41 0.074 DOMINANT
  1. Abbreviations: ICER incremental cost-effectiveness ratio, IHD ischaemic heart disease, QALY quality adjusted life year