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Table 1 Characteristics of study population (≥13 years of age) in Kasese District, Uganda (N = 359), Food Intake and Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Rural Uganda study, 2012–2013

From: Food intake and cardiometabolic risk factors in rural Uganda

Characteristic Total Men Women
Sex, n (%)
 Men 151 (42.1) 151 (100)
 Women 208 (57.9) 208 (100)
Age in years, mean (95% CI) 35.5 (33.4–37.6) 33.5 (30.1–36.8) 37.0 (34.3–39.7)
Years of education, mean (95% CI) 5.3 (4.9–5.7) 6.0 (5.5–6.6) 4.75 (4.2–5.3)
SES-tertile, n (%)
 Low 116 (32.3) 54 (35.8) 62 (29.8)
 Medium 129 (35.9) 56 (37.1) 73 (35.1)
 High 114 (31.8) 41 (27.2) 73 (35.1)
Individuals in the household ≥13 years, mean (95% CI) 5.6 (5.4–5.8) 5.6 (5.3–5.8) 5.6 (5.4–5.9)
Household member with diabetes, n (%)
 Household member with diabetes 149 (41.5) 99 (65.6) 111 (53.4)
 No household member with diabetes 210 (58.5) 52 (34.4) 97 (46.6)
Weight statusa, n (%)
 Underweight 44 (12.3) 19 (12.6) 25 (12.0)
 Normal weight 263 (73.3) 121 (80.1) 142 (68.3)
 Overweight 52 (14.5) 11 (7.3) 41 (19.7)
Smoking, n (%)
 Never smoked 288 (80.2) 114 (75.5) 174 (83.7)
 Former smoker 41 (11.4) 21 (13.9) 20 (9.6)
 Smoker 30 (8.4) 16 (10.6) 14 (6.7)
Alcohol intake, drinks per day 0.5 (0.3–0.8) 1.2 (0.57–1.82) 0.0 (0.0–0.0)
Aerobic capacityb n (%)
 Low 121 (33.7) 55 (36.4) 66 (31.7)
 Medium 155 (43.2) 59 (39.1) 96 (46.2)
 High 83 (23.1) 37 (24.5) 46 (22.1)
HbA1c, mean (95% CI) 5.4 (5.4–5.5) 5.3 (5.2–5.4) 5.5 (5.4–5.5)
HbA1c n (%)
  ≥ 5.7 93 (25.9) 28 (18.5) 65 (31.3)
  < 5.7 266 (74.1) 123 (81.5) 143 (68.8)
Food intakec, mean (95% CI) 59.1 (56.8–61.4) 59.1 (55.2–63.1) 59.0 (56.2–61.9)
  1. Data are presented as mean (95% CI) for continuous variables and as total number of participants (%) for categorical variables
  2. Abbreviations: CI Confidence interval, HbA1c glycated haemoglobin, SES socioeconomic status
  3. aBody mass index (BMI). For participants aged 19 years or younger, an sex and age specific BMI z-score (BMIZ) was calculated [18]. BMI was calculated as weight(kg)/height(m)2 for participants above the age of 19 years. Weight status was categorised into underweight (BMI < 18.5 or BMIZ<-1 SD), normal weight (18.5 ≤ BMI < 25 or − 1 < BMIZ<+ 1) and Overweight (BMI ≥ 25 or BMIZ> + 1)
  4. bEstimated aerobic capacity (VO2-max) from 8 min step test and categorised into three categories according to Astrand [17]. Non-completion of step-test was coded as missing (4 missing)
  5. cNumber of food servings per week