Skip to main content

Table 1 Estimates for Sociodemographic and check-ups by Age Groups in the United States, the 2017 US Health Information National Trends Survey

From: Does health literacy affect the uptake of annual physical check-ups?: Results from the 2017 US health information national trends survey

  Frequency
(Mean/Number)
Check-ups Frequency
(Mean/Number)
Check-ups
   Age between 18 and 59 Age 60 and Over
Variables Mean
(S.D.) /Total(%)
No Yes \({x}^{2}\) Mean
(S.D.) /Total(%)
No Yes \({\varvec{x}}^{2}\)
% % % %
Dependent Variable
 Check-up 0.673(0.469) 32.75 67.25   0.820(384) 18.02 81.98  
Predisposing factor
 Age 44 (10.737)     70(7.999)    
 Gender
  Male 665(39.82) 36.84 63.16 8.3826** 598(41.61) 19.40 80.60 1.4497
  Female 1,005(60.18) 30.05 69.95   839(58.39) 16.92 83.08  
Income
  $0 to $74,999 898(56.41) 34.97 65.03 4.697* 927(72.42) 18.12 81.88 0.904
  $75,000 or more 694(43.59) 29.83 70.17   353(27.58) 15.86 84.14  
 Living Area
  Urban 1,489(88.58) 32.84 67.16 0.089 1,236(84.37) 18.28 81.72 0.374
  Rural 192(11.42) 31.77 68.23   229(15.63) 16.59 83.41  
Enabling Factors
 A lot of Effort to get the information
  Agree 436(32.06) 37.84 62.16 8.841** 430(38.84) 16.74 83.26 0.011
  Disagree 924(67.94) 29.76 70.24   677(61.16) 16.99 83.01  
 Frustrated during search for the information
  Agree 422(31.05) 40.05 59.95 16.449*** 360(33.30) 18.61 81.39 1.214
  Disagree 937(68.95) 28.92 71.08   721(66.70) 15.95 84.05  
 Concerned about the quality
of the information
  Agree 731(53.83) 35.02 64.98 4.962* 485(44.58) 16.49 83.51 0.066
  Disagree 627(46.17) 29.35 70.65   603(55.42) 17.08 82.92  
 Information you found was hard to understand
  Agree 288(21.25) 34.03 65.97 0.485 312(28.55) 16.99 83.01 0.007
  Disagree 1,067(78.75) 31.87 68.13   781(71.45) 16.77 83.23  
 Confident get Health information
  Very confident 1,046(63.70) 30.21 69.79 8.142** 842(59.38) 16.03 83.97 5.343*
  Not very confident 596(36.30) 37.08 62.92   576(40.62) 20.83 79.17  
 Education
High school deploma or less 433(25.88) 36.26 63.74 3.370 598(41.18) 17.56 82.44 0.211
Completed some college or higher 1,240(74.12) 31.45 68.55   854(58.82) 18.50 81.50  
 Health Insurance
  Yes 1,560(93.41) 30.58 69.42 35.753*** 1,411(97.51) 16.80 83.20 11.950***
  No 110(6.59) 58.18 41.82   36(2.49) 38.89 61.11  
 Primary doctor
  Yes 1,072(64.19) 22.67 77.33 129.341*** 1,173(81.01) 13.55 86.45 57.508***
   No 598(35.81) 49.83 50.17   275(18.99) 32.73 67.27  
Need factors
 Health Status
  More than Good 1,437(86.10) 33.54 66.46 2.767 1,131(77.79) 17.95 82.05 0.017
  Less than Fair 232(13.90) 28.02 71.98   323(22.21) 18.27 81.73  
  Chronic Diseases 0.763(1.009)     1.613(1.178)    
  Depression 6.069(2.923)     5.747(2.617)    
 Personal History of Cancer
  Yes 130(7.74) 33.23 66.77 2.164 353(24.16) 16.71 83.29 0.578
  No 1,550(92.26) 26.92 73.08   1,108(75.84) 18.50 81.50  
 Family History of Cancer
  Yes 1,153(73.49) 31.74 68.26 0.799 1,069(77.02) 17.40 82.60 0.499
  No 416(26.51) 34.13 65.87   319(22.98) 19.12 80.88  
  1. Note: * p < .05; **p < .01, ***p < .001