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Table 5 Relationship between the effects of Cha-no-Ma participation and multigenerational exchanges

From: Factors that facilitate multigenerational exchanges in regional locations: a cross‐sectional study in Niigata City, Japan

   All data
(excluding no answer)
Only those implementing multigenerational exchange
(excluding no answer)
    Multigenerational exchanges found   3+ generation exchanges found
Effect of Cha-no-Ma   Number of responses n % p-valuea Number of responses n % p-valuea
Increased smiling Effect 314 96 30.6 0.500 79 59 74.7 0.045
No effect 80 28 35.0 26 14 53.8
Interest in health Effect 275 88 32.0 0.813 74 58 78.4 0.005
No effect 118 36 30.3 31 15 48.4
Connection with the region Effect 264 95 36.0 0.006 80 55 68.8 0.809
No effect 130 29 22.3 25 18 72.0
Prevention of isolation Effect 252 80 31.7 0.910 67 50 74.6 0.185
No effect 142 44 31.0 38 23 60.5
Conversations with same generations Effect 232 77 33.2 0.442 67 47 70.1 1.000
No effect 162 47 29.0 38 26 68.4
Watch over Effect 194 70 36.1 0.440 59 45 76.3 0.134
No effect 200 54 27.0 46 28 60.9
Improved physical function Effect 133 46 34.6 0.360 37 29 78.4 0.185
No effect 261 78 29.9 68 44 69.7
Attend alone Effect 132 47 35.6 0.250 37 26 70.3 1.000
No effect 262 77 29.4 68 47 69.1
Improved cognitive function Effect 99 27 27.3 0.319 21 19 90.5 0.019
No effect 295 97 32.9 84 54 64.3
Conversations with different generations Effect 96 42 43.8 0.004 39 33 84.6 0.015
No effect 298 82 27.5 66 40 60.6
Meal support Effect 57 18 31.6 1.000 14 9 64.3 0.756
No effect 337 106 31.5 91 64 70.3
Read newspapers or magazines Effect 9 3 33.3 1.000 3 3 100.0 0.551
No effect 385 121 31.4 102 70 68.6
  1. a Fisher’s exact test