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Table 3 Breastfeeding-related characteristics of mothers who gave birth in the last six months in Gozamen district, East Gojjam zone, North West Ethiopia, 2020 (n = 741)

From: Delayed breast feeding initiation increases the odds of colostrum avoidance among mothers in Northwest Ethiopia: a community-based cross-sectional study

Variables Category Frequency(n) Percent (%)
Colostrum avoidance (n = 741 Yes 164 22.1
No 577 77.9
Reasons for colostrum avoidance (n = 164) Causes abdominal cramp and diarrhea 42 25.6
Dirty 38 23.2
  Cultural practice 25 15.2
Maternal medical illness 13 7.9
My breast has no milk 14 8.5
Not good for child growth 5 3
Infant not feed 9 5.5
Influence by others 12 7.3
Others* 6 3.8
Prelacteal feeding (n = 741) Yes 127 17.1
No 614 82.9
Types of prelacteal feeding (n = 127) Butter 103 81.1
Milk 19 15
Water 5 3.9
Reasons for prelacteal feeding (n = 127) Breast milk causes thirsty 3 2.4
Good for child growth 9 7.1
Breastfeeding problem 17 13.4
Maternal medical illness 18 14.2
Cultural practices 22 17.3
To calm baby 7 5.5
To clean bowel and throat 44 34.6
Others** 7 5.5
Time of initiation of breastfeeding (n = 741) More than 1 h 290 39.1
Within 1 h 451 60.9
BF counseling on timely initiation No 293 39.5
Yes 448 60.5
  1. Key: Others* = causes heart disease and constipation
  2. Others** = to prevent constipation, belief BF is not enough