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Table 7 Association between adverse childhood experiences exposure, psychological distress by demographic characteristics of students May to July 2018, Nsukka, Nigeria

From: Adverse childhood experiences and psychological distress among higher education students in Southeast Nigeria: an institutional-based cross-sectional study

Variables ACEs Exposure Psychological distress
Yes No    Presence Absence   
n(%) n(%) AOR (95% CI) P-value n(%) n(%) AOR (95%CI) P-value
Gender
 Female (ref) 109 (90.8) 11 (9.2)    69 (57.5) 51 (42.5) 1  
  Male 67 (80.7) 16 (19.3) 2.21 (0.95, 5.11) 0.065 42 (50.6) 41 (49.4) 1.36 (0.75, 2.46) 0.317
Parental Education
 NFE (ref) 39 (86.7) 6 (13.3) 1   31 (68.9) 14 (31.1) 1  
 PRY EDU 34 (91.9) 3 (8.1) 1.56 (0.35, 6.86) 0.560 24 (64.9) 13 (35.1) 0.79 (0.30, 2.04) 0.619
 SEC EDU 69 (88.5) 9 (11.5) 1.08 (0.35, 3.34) 0.892 38 (48.7) 40 (51.3) 0.35 (0.16, 0.79) 0.012
 TER EDU 34 (79.1) 9 (20.9) 0.57 (0.18, 1.80) 0.341 18 (41.9) 25 (58.1) 0.30 (0.12, 0.74) 0.009
Parental income
 Low income (ref) 66 (85.7) 11 (14.3) 1   39 (50.6) 38 (49.4) 1  
 Middle income 67 (85.9) 11 (14.1) 1.07 (0.42, 2.72) 0.886 51 (65.4) 27 (34.6) 2.19 (1.11, 4.32) 0.024
 High income 43 (89.6) 5 (10.4) 1.55 (0.49, 4.88) 0.453 21 (43.8) 27 (56.3) 0.81 (0.38, 1.71) 0.575
  1. Note. AOR adjusted odds ratio, 95% CI 95% confidence intervals, ref. reference category; Hosmer and Lemeshow test, p-value = 0.13 (model 1); Hosmer and Lemeshow test, p-value = 0.874 (model 2)
  2. **p-value < 0.001. *p-value < 0.05