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Table 3 Comparing components between cases and controls group at baseline and the end of study among the Iran University of Medical Sciences staff in 2019 using Mann-Whitney test. No difference between participants at baseline, but significant differences were observed after intervention at most components

From: The effect of education based on health belief model on promoting preventive behaviors of hypertensive disease in staff of the Iran University of Medical Sciences

  Baseline End of study
Component Case Control P-value Case Control P-value
Knowledge 2.45 ± 2.14 2.59 ± 2.12 0.503 3.44 ± 1.76 2.55 ± 2.22 0.011
Perceived susceptibility 11.88 ± 2.42 11.52 ± 2.38 0.451 13.27 ± 1.65 11.56 ± 2.30 <  0.001
Perceived severity 13.42 ± 2.58 13.53 ± 2.61 0.780 15.0 ± 1.51 13.66 ± 2.41 0.001
Perceived barriers 19.75 ± 3.01 19.53 ± 3.16 0.625 16.85 ± 2.12 19.62 ± 3.15 <  0.001
Perceived benefits 16.22 ± 2.23 16.58 ± 2.37 0.316 18.16 ± 1.34 16.33 ± 2.31 <  0.001
Cues to action 1.94 ± 1.22 2.0 ± 1.26 0.596 2.03 ± 1.13 1.95 ± 1.24 0.914
Self-efficacy 13.12 ± 2.24 13.55 ± 2.18 0.251 14.61 ± 1.12 13.64 ± 1.92 0.005
Practice 9.25 ± 1.91 9.33 ± 1.84 0.817 12.59 ± 0.79 9.25 ± 1.78 <  0.001