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Table 2 Adjusted Odds Ratios (AOR) for the association between health insurance coverage and maternal health service utilization among women of reproductive age in Jordan using the 2017–18 Jordan DHS (N = 4656)

From: Health insurance coverage and maternal healthcare services utilization in Jordan: evidence from the 2017–18 Jordan demographic and health survey

Variables Timing of the first ANC visit Completed recommended number of ANC visits Birth attended by a skilled worker
aOR 95% CI P-value aOR 95% CI P-value aOR 95% CI P-value
Health Insurance coverage
 No 1.0    1.0    1.0   
 Yes 1.326 1.069–1.643 * 1.249 1.072–1.455 ** 0.718 0.582–0.886 **
Education
 No formal education 1.0    1.0    1.0   
 Primary 1.500 0.804–2.799   1.452 0.935–2.254   0.674 0.362–1.253  
 Secondary 1.290 0.747–2.229   1.764 1.186–2.621 ** 0.681 0.383–1.209  
 Post-secondary 1.721 0.963–3.075   2.455 1.620–3.722 *** 0.744 0.0.410–1.351  
Age groups
 15–19 1.0    1.0    1.0   
 20–24 0.885 0.482–1.624   1.135 0.796–1.620   0.940 0.611–1.448  
 25–29 0.820 0.451–1.490   0.962 0.679–1.365   0.989 0.645–1.515  
 30–34 0.763 0.419–1.391   1.120 0.786–1.594   0.972 0.632–1.494  
 35–39 0.613 0.334–1.122   1.002 0.699–1.437   0.968 0.623–1.504  
 40–44 0.475 0.249–0.905 * 0.972 0.648–1.458   1.330 0.784–2.257  
 45–49 0.356 0.131–0.970 * 1.146 0.535–2.454   1.552 0.504–4.784  
Occupation
 Not working 1.0    1.0    1.0   
 Working 0.976 0.703–1.354   0.978 0.783–1.222   1.228 0.906–1.665  
Marital status
 Married 1.0    1.0    1.0   
 Single 0.700 0.283–1.733   0.385 0.205–0.726 ** 0.757 0.323–1.775  
Area of Residence        1.0   
 Urban 1.0    1.0    1.0   
 Rural 1.149 0.887–1.488   0.993 0.843–1.171   0.778 0.638–0.947 *
Wealth Index
 Poorest 1.0    1.0    1.0   
 Poorer 1.141 0.885–1.471   1.201 1.015–1.420 * 1.428 1.159–1.760 **
 Middle 1.067 0.808–1.409   1.539 1.270–1865 *** 1.671 1.312–2.130 ***
 Richer 1.223 0.864–1.731   1.555 1.221–1.980 *** 2.284 1.608–3.242 ***
 Richest 1.680 1.003–2.815 * 1.641 1.127–2. 391 * 6.572 2.634–16.401 ***
Number of Births in the last 5 years
 One birth 1.0    1.0    1.0   
 Two or more 0.678 0.558–0.824 *** 0.752 0.660–0.856 *** 0.803 0.681–0.947 **
Region
 Amman 1.0    1.0    1.0   
 Balga 1.991 1.274–3.112 ** 0.781 0.541–1.127   2.379 0.993–5.700  
 Zarqua 2.472 1.669–3.663 *** 0.921 0.667–1.272   0.504 0.297–0.855 *
 Madaba 0.703 0.496–0.996   0.946 0.663–1.349   0.279 0.166–0.470 ***
 Irbid 2.980 1.931–5.598 *** 0.639 0.464–0. 881 ** 0.372 0.222–0.625 ***
 Mafraq 2.653 1.789–3. 934 *** 0.469 0.346–0.635 *** 0.230 0.141–0.376 ***
 Jerash 2.266 1.496–3.431 *** 0.547 0.396–0.755 *** 0.276 0.166–0.457 ***
 Aljoun 6.144 3.433–10.995 *** 0.643 0.460–0.898 * 0.248 0.149–0.413 ***
 Karak 2.447 1.464–4.090 ** 0.445 0.312–0.636 *** 0.429 0.243–0.757 **
 Tafilh 2.312 1.490–3.588 *** 0.576 0.413–0.805 ** 0.997 0.547–1.817  
 Ma’an 1.932 1.226–3.045 ** 0.340 0.242–0.479 *** 0.361 0.209–0.623 ***
 Aquaba 3.879 2.271–6.627 *** 0.317 0.228–0.440 *** 0.365 0.211–0.631 ***
  1. Here *, ** and *** indicate p < 0.05, p < 0.01 and p < 0.001 respectively