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Table 4 Effect of migration background on preventive care utilization: binary logistic regression (average marginal effects)

From: Utilization of preventive care among migrants and non-migrants in Germany: results from the representative cross-sectional study ‘German health interview and examination survey for adults (DEGS1)’

   Model 1 Model 2 Loss in effect sizea
AME 95% CI AME 95% CI (%)
General health check
 Migration background First-generation, LOS < = 20 years − 0.212 − 0.294 − 0.130 − 0.201 − 0.286 − 0.115 −5.2
  (Ref: No) First-generation, LOS > 20 years − 0.068 − 0.151 0.014 − 0.056 − 0.140 0.027 −17.6
Second-generation, two-sided − 0.113 − 0.387 0.160 − 0.095 − 0.375 0.186 −15.9
Second-generation, one-sided −0.019 − 0.099 0.060 − 0.015 − 0.095 0.065 −21.1
Dental check-up
 Migration background First-generation, LOS < = 20 years − 0.236 −0.303 − 0.168 −0.204 − 0.268 −0.140 −13.6
  (Ref: No) First-generation, LOS > 20 years − 0.134 −0.216 − 0.051 −0.103 − 0.185 −0.022 −23.1
Second-generation, two-sided −0.225 −0.344 − 0.106 −0.179 − 0.289 −0.068 − 20.4
Second-generation, one-sided −0.037 −0.098 0.023 −0.034 − 0.095 0.027 −8.1
Skin cancer screening
 Migration background First-generation, LOS < = 20 years −0.165 −0.229 − 0.102 −0.159 − 0.225 −0.092 −3.6
  (Ref: No) First-generation, LOS > 20 years − 0.047 −0.104 0.010 −0.031 − 0.091 0.029 − 34.0
Second-generation, two-sided −0.101 −0.222 0.019 −0.083 − 0.208 0.041 −17.8
Second-generation, one-sided 0.013 −0.058 0.085 0.013 −0.058 0.083 0.0
Cervical cancer screening
 Migration background First-generation, LOS < = 20 years −0.260 −0.363 − 0.156 −0.230 − 0.327 −0.133 −11.5
  (Ref: No) First-generation, LOS > 20 years − 0.080 −0.175 0.015 −0.066 − 0.164 0.032 −17.5
Second-generation, two-sided −0.207 −0.411 − 0.004 −0.153 − 0.348 0.042 −26.1
Second-generation, one-sided −0.037 −0.121 0.047 −0.037 − 0.122 0.048 0.0
  1. Source: DEGS1
  2. Model 1: controlled for age and sex; Model 2: controlled for age, sex and socioeconomic status;
  3. Figures in bold indicate p < 0.05; aThese figures were calculated using the following formula: 100/AME Model 1 x (AME Model 2 - AME Model 1)
  4. Abbreviations: AME average marginal effects, 95% CI 95% confidence interval, LOS length of stay, Ref reference category