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Table 2 Multilevel logistic regression output for predictor of modern contraceptive use among sexually active rural women in Ethiopia, 2016 EDHS

From: Predictors of modern contraceptive usage among sexually active rural women in Ethiopia: A multi-level analysis

Variables Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
AOR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) AOR(95%CI) AOR (95% CI)
Individual-level factors
Education of women
  No education   1   1
  Primary   1.03(0.92-1.14)   1.31(1.14-1.51)a
  Secondary and plus   0.90(0.76-1.09)   1.39(1.06-1.81)a
Occupation of respondents
  Housewife   1   1
  Government employed/farmer/private business   1.46(1.31-1.62)a   1.19(1.05-1.35)a
Marital status
  Never married   1   1
  Married   27.82(19.32-40.06)a   17.31(10.72-27.94)a
  Others   9.54(6.34-14.35)a   8.10(5.11-12.82)a
Wealth index
  Poor   1   1
  Middle   2.24(1.97-2.55)a   2.05(1.77-2.38)a
  Riche   2.55(2.27-2.87)a   2.26(1.96-2.60)a
Age of respondents
  10-19   1   1
  20-29   5.03(4.18-6.06)a   1.14(0.89-1.46)
  30-39   5.11(4.23-6.18)a   0.80(0.60-1.06)
  40-49   3.17(2.57-3.91)a   0.40(0.29-0.56)a
Religion
  Orthodox   1   1
  Muslim   0.29(0.26-0.33)a   0.29(0.25-0.33)a
  Others   0.75(0.66-0.85)a   0.67(0.58-0.77)a
Ever had a terminated pregnancy
  No   1   1
  Yes   1.15(0.96-1.38)   0.75(0.61-0.91)
Number of living child
  None   1   1
  1-4   6.36(5.38-7.53)a   2.70(2.07-3.53)a
  5 and plus   4.22(3.52-5.05)a   2.49(1.81-3.43)a
Education of husbands
  No education   1   1
  Primary   3.72(3.32-4.16)a   1.45(1.27-1.67)a
  Secondary and plus   3.18(2.69-3.77)a   1.02(0.82-1.27)a
Husbands occupation
  No   1   1
  Yes   6.75(5.85-7.79)a   2.02(1.63-2.52)a
Births in last three years
  No birth   1   1
  One birth   1.54(1.40-1.72)a   0.51(0.44-0.59)a
  Two and plus   0.64(0.50-0.82)a   0.25(0.19-0.34)a
Age of at first birth (years)
   < 17   1   1
   > 17   0.64(0.57-0.71)a   1.05(0.93-1.19)a
Community-level factors
Accesses to mass media
  No    1 1
  Yes    1.75(1.55-1.99)a 1.35(1.16-1.57)a
  Region     
  Tigray    1 1
  Afar    0.06(0.04,0.10)a 0.12(0.07,0.20)a
  Amhara    1.77(1.48,2.11)a 1.88(1.54,2.31)a
  Oromia    0.86(0.71,1.03) 0.93(0.73,1.18)
  Somali    0.02(0.01,0.04)a 0.04(0.02,0.10)a
  Benishangul-Gumuz    0.80(0.65,0.99)a 0.83(0.64,1.07)
  SNNPR    1.19(1.00,1.43) 1.45(1.13,1.87)a
  Gambela    0.69(0.54,0.87)a 0.75(0.55,1.02)
  Harari    0.41(0.29,0.58)a 0.43(0.28,0.65)a
  Dire dawa    0.36(0.24,0.54)a 0.58(0.37,0.91)a
  1. 1 = reference category of the categorical variable; a Significant at 5% level of significance.