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Table 1 Patient demographics (medical records) on day of incarceration

From: New hepatitis C virus infection, re-infection and associated risk behaviour in male Irish prisoners: a cohort study, 2019

Variable Participants
Total n % Mean (SD)
Age (years) 99    33.2 (9.1)
18–24   13 13.1  
25–34   46 46.5  
≥35   40 40.4  
Age at first incarceration (years) 81    18.4(5.9)
Episodes of incarceration 80    6.4 (7.6)
Total time incarcerated (years) 75    9.9 (6.8)
Age at first drug use (years) 66    14.8 (2.9)
Age at first heroin use (years) 41    18.8 (4.9)
Age at first injecting drug use (years) 66    20.6 (5.7)
Previous drug use (yes) 98 50 51  
Visible injection site (yes) 98 3 3.1  
Shared needles (yes) 98 5 5.1  
Place of origin 99    
Ireland   93 94  
Western Europe   1 1  
Eastern Europe   4 4  
Africa   1 1  
Accommodation before incarceration 71    
Secure   56 78.9  
Homeless   15 21.1  
Risk factors for HCV acquisition     
History of heroin use 82 36 43.9  
History of injecting drug use 82 32 39  
Shared needles in the community 75 13 17.3  
Shared drug-taking equipment in the community 75 32 42.7  
Shared razor in prison 80 2 2.5  
Shared toothbrush in prison 80 1 1.3  
Prison tattoo 80 18 22.5  
Unsterile community tattoo 80 19 23.8  
Alcohol use     
Alcohol problem before incarceration 81 12 14.8  
Treatment for alcohol use 55 3 5.5  
Methadone maintenance treatment     
History of methadone treatment 76 32 42.1  
Length of time on methadone maintenance treatment 20    6.3 (5.6)
  1. HCV Hepatitis c virus