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Table 3 Frequency distribution of psychosocial and behavioral factors among pregnant women at Debre Tabor and Woreta towns, Northwest Ethiopia, 2020

From: The effect of antenatal depression on birth weight among newborns in South Gondar zone, Northwest Ethiopia: a population-based prospective cohort study

Characteristics Low birth weight Total, n (%) X2 P-value
Yes, n (%) No, n (%)
Depression     38.4173 0.000
 Yes 130 (50.19) 193 (28.64) 323 (34.62)   
 No 129 (49.81) 481 (71.36) 610 (65.38)   
Previous history of depression     0.1891 0.664
 Yes 74 (28.57) 183 (27.15) 257 (27.55)   
 No 185 (71.43) 491 (72.85) 676 (72.45)   
Family history of depression     0.0016 0.968
 Yes 36 (13.90) 93 (13.80) 129 (13.83)   
 No 223 (86.10) 581 (86.20) 804 (86.17)   
Life treating events     15.9697 0.000
 Yes 128 (49.42) 237 (35.16) 365 (39.12)   
 No 131 (50.58) 437 (46.84) 568 (60.88)   
Social support     1.1504 0.563
 Poor 117 (45.17) 299 (44.36) 416 (44.59)   
 Moderate 92 (35.52) 224 (33.24) 316 (33.87)   
 Strong 50 (19.31) 151 (22.40) 201 (21.54)   
Intimate partner violence     17.1062 0.000
 Yes 164 (63.32) 325 (48.22) 489 (52.41)   
 No 95 (36.68) 349 (51.78) 444 (47.59)   
Alcohol use     0.4520 0.501
 Yes 61 (23.55) 145 (21.51) 206 (22.08)   
 No 198 (76.45) 529 (78.49) 727 (77.92)