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Table 2 Inequality indices estimates of the factors associated with adolescent fertility rate (15–19 years), 1993–2014

From: Socio-economic and geographical inequalities in adolescent fertility rate in Ghana, 1993–2014

  1993    1998    2003    2008    2014   
Dimension Estimate Lower Bound Upper Bound Estimate Lower Bound Upper Bound Estimate Lower Bound Upper Bound Estimate Lower Bound Upper Bound Estimate Lower Bound Upper Bound
Economic status                
D 90.39 40.26 140.52 100.90 65.89 135.90 111.80 74.95 148.64 109.49 67.74 151.24 69.56 33.85 105.27
PAF -46.79 -48.88 -44.70 -69.78 -72.45 -67.11 -72.14 -74.67 -69.60 -81.20 -83.98 -78.43 -64.39 -67.19 -61.59
PAR -55.55 -58.03 -53.07 -63.01 -65.42 -60.60 -53.26 -55.13 -51.38 -56.60 -58.53 -54.66 -47.18 -49.24 -45.13
R 2.43 1.40 3.46 4.70 2.48 6.92 6.43 3.32 9.55 9.36 2.52 16.20 3.67 0.95 6.39
Education                
D 152.34 107.98 196.69 68.33 29.43 107.22 65.96 31.45 100.47 107.28 58.13 156.43 111.60 30.73 192.48
PAF -77.61 -80.70 -74.52 -23.48 -24.31 -22.65 -32.86 -34.24 -31.47 -41.28 -42.76 -39.80 -30.25 -31.08 -29.42
PAR -92.15 -95.81 -88.48 -21.20 -21.95 -20.45 -24.26 -25.28 -23.24 -28.77 -29.80 -27.74 -22.17 -22.78 -21.56
R 6.73 2.64 10.82 1.99 1.35 2.63 2.33 1.54 3.13 3.62 2.20 5.04 3.18 1.45 4.92
Place of residence                
D 61.85 42.00 81.69 52.03 33.16 70.91 69.71 53.66 85.76 44.64 26.60 62.69 49.32 34.40 64.23
PAF -30.18 -30.63 -29.74 -36.01 -37.98 -34.04 -43.00 -44.74 -41.27 -31.45 -33.46 -29.43 -32.82 -34.30 -31.33
PAR -35.83 -36.36 -35.31 -32.51 -34.30 -30.73 -31.75 -33.03 -30.47 -21.92 -23.32 -20.51 -24.05 -25.13 -22.96
R 1.75 1.42 2.07 1.90 1.39 2.41 2.66 2.03 3.29 1.93 1.41 2.46 2.00 1.53 2.47
Region                
D        80.43 41.33 119.54 75.40 27.87 122.93 58.46 24.88 92.04
PAF        -51.82 -55.51 -48.12 -50.12 -54.27 -45.98 -38.51 -41.73 -35.29
PAR        -38.26 -40.98 -35.53 -34.93 -37.82 -32.05 -28.22 -30.58 -25.86
R        3.26 1.63 4.90 3.17 1.21 5.13 2.30 1.29 3.31