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Table 2 Summary of characteristics of included studies in meta-analysis of breast self-examination practice in Africa

From: Breast self-examination practice among women in Africa: a systematic review and Meta-analysis

Author/s Year Sub- region Study design Study setting Response rate Sample size Event
(Ever Practiced)
Prevalence of BSE (%) Risk of Bias
Ever BSE Regular BSE
Birhane et al. 2015 East Africa Cross sectional Institution based 99.6 315 38 12 Not reported Low risk
Obaji et al. 2013 West Africa Cross sectional Community Based 100 238 52 21.8 0.24 Moderate risk
Onwere et al. 2009 West Africa Cross sectional Institution based 100 100 78 78 78 Moderate risk
Abay et al. 2018 East Africa Cross sectional Institution based 99 404 26 6.4 6.2 Low risk
Minasie A et al. 2017 East Africa Cross sectional Institution based 100 281 128 46.5 6.4 Low risk
Abdel Fattah, M et al. 2000 North Africa Cross sectional Institution based 100 565 59 10.4 2.7 Moderate risk
Abeje et al. 2019 East Africa Cross sectional Institution based 100 633 154 24.3 10.1 Low risk
Birhane K et al. 2017 East Africa Cross sectional Institution based 94 400 113 28.3 17.5 Low risk
Sama, C. B. et al 2017 Central Africa Cross sectional Institution based 82.1 345 133 38.5 Not reported Low risk
Kasahun AF 2014 East Africa Cross sectional Institution based 95.2 400 62 15.5 9.25 Low risk
Dagne AH et al. 2019 East Africa Cross sectional Institution based 100 421 137 32.5 15.2 Low risk
Dadzi R, Adam A 2019 West Africa Cross sectional Community Based 100 385 106 27.5 16.1 Low risk
Gwarzo, UMD et al 2009 West Africa Cross sectional Institution based 100 221 126 57 19 Low risk
Isara, A. R. and Ojedokun, C. I 2011 West Africa Cross sectional Institution based 95.7 287 29 10.1 Not reported Low risk
Segni, MT et al 2016 East Africa Cross sectional Institution based 100 368 145 39.4 2.3 Low risk
Azage M. et al 2013 East Africa Cross sectional Community Based 98.01 395 147 32.2 14.2 Low risk
Elshamy, Karima F et al 2010 North Africa Cross sectional Institution based 80 133 75 56.4 10.5 Moderate risk
Akhigbe, A. O. et al 2009 West Africa Cross sectional Institution based 77.8 393 305 77.6 Not reported Low risk
Nde et al. 2015 Central Africa Cross sectional Institution based 91.1 166 62 37.3 3 Low risk
Negeri et al. 2017 East Africa Cross sectional Institution based 95.5 300 231 77 33.7 Low risk
Odusanya et al 2001 West Africa Cross sectional Institution based 94 188 167 88.9 61.7 Low risk
Ogunbode A M 2015 West Africa Cross sectional Institution based 100 140 87 62 7.9 High risk
Ossai EN et al. 2019 West Africa Cross sectional Institution based 100 365 232 63.6 15.9 Moderate risk
Feleke D. et al 2019 East Africa Cross sectional Community Based 100 810 70 8.6 Not reported Low risk
Kayode F.O. et al. 2005 West Africa Cross sectional Institution based 84 341 181 53 33.7 High risk
Okobia, Michael N et al. 2006 West Africa Cross sectional Community Based 95.1 1000 349 34.9 Not reported Low risk
Getu et al. 2019 East Africa Cross sectional Institution based 100 407 87 21.4 11 Low risk
Shallo et al. 2019 East Africa Cross sectional Institution based 87.9 340 163 47.9 32.4 Low risk
Suh et al 2012 Central Africa Cross sectional Community Based 100 120 72 60 Not reported Low risk
Ameer, K et al 2014 East Africa Cross sectional Institution based 100 126 29 23 Not reported Moderate risk
Ifediora, C. O., & Azuike, E. C. 2018 West Africa Cross sectional Institution based 74.3 321 148 46.1 6.2 Moderate risk
Agboola AOJ et al 2009 West Africa Cross sectional Institution based 100 115 98 85.2 46.9 Moderate risk
Amoran, O. E. and Toyobo, O. O 2015 West Africa Cross sectional Community Based 495 121 24.4 5.23 Low risk
Godfrey, Katende et al 2016 East Africa Cross sectional Institution based 100 204 89 43.6 19.6 Low risk
Bayumi E 2016 North Africa Cross sectional Institution based 100 240 91 37.9 15.8 High risk
Bellgam H.I. amd Buowari Y. D 2012 West Africa Cross sectional Community Based 98.7 691 200 28.9 Not reported Low risk
Boulos, Dina NK and Ghali, Ramy R 2013 North Africa Cross sectional Institution based 89.8 543 40 7.4 1.3 Moderate risk
E. Kudzawuet al. 2016 West Africa Cross sectional Community Based 100 170 132 77.6 68 Low risk
Fondjo LA et al 2018 West Africa Cross sectional Institution based 100 1036 831 80.2 8.1 Low risk
Idris SA et al 2013 North Africa Cross sectional Institution based 88.9 200 129 64.5 64.5 High risk
Kifle MM et al 2016 East Africa Cross sectional Institution based 100 380 51 13.4 5.5 Low risk
Morse EP et al 2014 East Africa Cross sectional Institution based 100 225 75 33.3 14.2 Low risk
Ndikubwimana J et al 2016 East Africa Cross sectional Institution based 94.8 229 55 24 4.4 Low risk
Obaikol R et al 2010 East Africa Cross sectional Institution based 98.1 314 96 30.6 14 Moderate risk
Ramathuba, Dorah U et al 2015 South Africa Cross sectional Community Based 100 150 8 5.3 0 Low risk
Ramson, Lombe Mumba 2017 East Africa Cross sectional Community Based 100 351 99 28.2 12 Low risk
Florence, Adeyemo O et al 2016 West Africa Cross sectional Institution based 100 200 200 100 75 Low risk
Yakubu AA et al 2014 West Africa Cross sectional Institution based 100 102 93 91.1 44.1 Low risk
Andegiorgishet al. 2018 East Africa Cross sectional Institution based 97 414 313 75.6 45.9 Low risk
Kimani, SM and Muthumbi, E 2008 East Africa Cross sectional Institution based 100 169 114 67.5 20.1 Moderate risk
Agbonifoh, Julia Adesua 2016 West Africa Cross sectional Institution based 93.2 647 397 61.4 18.7 Low risk
Casmir, Ebirim Chikere Ifeanyi et al 2015 West Africa Cross sectional Institution based 100 720 552 76.7 32.5 Low risk
Joel Olayiwola Faronbi 2012 West Africa Cross sectional Institution based 100 100 82 82 12 Low risk
Makanjuola, OJ et al 2013 West Africa Cross sectional Community Based 100 100 25 25 13 Low risk
Olowokere et al. 2012 West Africa Cross sectional Community Based 100 180 49 27.2 Not reported Low risk
Sambo, MN et al 2013 West Africa Cross sectional Institution based 100 345 189 54.8 13.9 Low risk