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Table 4 Relationship between parents’ demographics and their awareness concerning categories of “first thousand days of life”

From: Assessing parents’ awareness about children’s “first thousand days of life”: a descriptive and analytical study

Variable Mean ± SD
  Period of the first thousand days and its importance Importance of nutrition and food supplements Role of parents in the first thousand days of life and the importance of the socio-economic status of the family Use of digital media by children
Age
 < 30 27.23 ± 22.67 22.80 ± 33.06 * 70.46 ± 26.11 39.13 ± 51.15
 >= 30 Ref 24.95 ± 23.58 31.03 ± 34.38 68.26 ± 35.12 49.32 ± 53.18
Gender
 Female 26.42 ± 23.49 30.69 ± 34.28 67.95 ± 27.09 41.82 ± 53.02
 Male Ref 25.75 ± 17.74 23.13 ± 25.84 70.78 ± 20.43 46.63 ± 39.99
Education
 Under high school diploma 29.96 ± 15.87 24.14 ± 23.17 70.16 ± 18.27 57.30 ± 35.79*
 High school diploma 19.02 ± 20.94* 25.54 ± 30.53 69.05 ± 25.95 46.41 ± 47.22*
 Academic Ref 29.28 ± 27.92 31.05 ± 40.75 68.87 ± 32.23 28.96 ± 63.09
Spouse's education
 Under high school diploma 21.08 ± 16.22* 22.62 ± 23.65 69.01 ± 18.68 44.73 ± 36.55
 High school diploma 24.27 ± 18.24* 26.57 ± 26.58 67.85 ± 22.98 40.25 ± 41.11
 Academic Ref 32.92 ± 28.51 31.55 ± 41.65 71.23 ± 32.92 47.70 ± 64.35
Parents status
 Having a child under the age of two 24.74 ± 22.09 30.44 ± 23.16 66.93 ± 25.39 47.53 ± 49.74
 Expecting a baby 27.28 ± 23.37 28.72 ± 31.14 68.19 ± 24.59 45.49 ± 48.13
 Actively trying to have a child Ref 26.24 ± 18.39 21.58 ± 26.86 72.96 ± 21.20 39.65 ± 41.51
  1. Notes: * indicate p < 0.05, Ref Indicate Reference, SD Standard Deviation