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Table 2 Distribution of under-five morbidity across age at first childbirth by country

From: Maternal age at first childbirth and under-five morbidity in sub-Saharan Africa: analysis of cross-sectional data of 32 countries

Countries Diarrhea   Fever   Cough   Under-five morbidity  
  < 20 years ≥ 20 years p-values < 20 years ≥ 20 years p-values < 20 years ≥ 20 years p-values < 20 years ≥ 20 years p-values
Angola 16.7 13.5 0.002 16.1 11.9 < 0.001 12.8 11.6 0.210 26.4 21.0 < 0.001
Benin 11.2 9.8 0.015 20.0 18.8 0.186 16.2 16.5 0.709 25.9 24.1 0.056
Burkina Faso 14.9 14.9 0.920 20.1 21.9 0.029 9.8 11.2 0.021 28.1 29.4 0.147
Burundi 24.5 21.0 < 0.001 42.2 37.5 < 0.001 38.1 38.2 0.941 52.3 46.8 < 0.001
Cameroon 13.0 10.7 0.012 16.9 13.6 0.002 17.8 19.1 0.239 24.8 20.4 < 0.001
Chad 22.7 21.6 0.352 24.4 23.7 0.553 20.4 19.7 0.529 34.3 33.7 0.653
Comoros 18.1 16.4 0.323 22.0 22.1 0.954 19.1 18.3 0.665 31.4 30.9 0.803
Congo 20.0 18.2 0.122 26.0 24.1 0.130 28.0 27.8 0.683 37.8 35.1 0.104
Congo DR 18.2 15.3 0.001 31.1 28.2 0.003 32.6 29.9 0.018 40.4 35.8 < 0.001
Cote D’lvoire 18.7 18.4 0.822 23.4 25.8 0.141 21.1 24.2 0.049 32.3 33.9 0.363
Ethiopia 11.9 11.6 0.773 14.3 14.7 0.747 20.3 19.3 0.419 21.0 21.1 0.965
Gabon 18.3 14.1 0.003 26.0 23.6 0.273 42.1 38.9 0.080 36.6 31.3 0.006
Gambia 18.3 17.0 0.347 12.4 11.5 0.862 13.3 14.4 0.028 24.8 23.0 0.295
Ghana 12.2 11.7 0.654 14.3 13.7 0.589 14.5 13.7 0.517 22.3 21.2 0.479
Guinea 15.4 13.2 0.046 17.9 16.1 0.089 11.6 11.0 0.511 28.3 24.2 0.003
Kenya 16.6 13.4 0.003 25.9 21.5 < 0.001 37.8 35.9 0.167 35.2 28.6 < 0.001
Lesotho 13.0 11.4 0.361 16.0 15.0 0.548 30.8 28.7 0.325 25.1 23.2 0.378
Liberia 23.9 20.4 0.040 30.0 28.4 0.417 27.6 22.0 0.002 41.8 38.3 0.099
Malawi 22.5 20.7 0.062 30.1 27.2 0.001 25.2 24.3 0.426 42.0 38.3 < 0.001
Mali 18.0 15.5 0.020 16.2 15.7 0.567 10.3 10.0 0.740 27.3 24.9 0.042
Namibia 22.1 16.9 < 0.001 28.7 24.4 0.016 36.4 29.8 < 0.001 39.1 32.9 0.001
Niger 14.5 13.9 0.524 14.3 15.1 0.472 14.1 15.2 0.313 22.9 23.5 0.613
Nigeria 15.8 9.0 < 0.001 28.2 19.3 < 0.001 14.5 15.2 < 0.001 35.0 24.0 < 0.001
Rwanda 13.1 12.0 0.239 19.9 18.6 0.284 26.0 26.8 0.539 26.1 24.9 0.350
Senegal 21.3 21.0 0.485 21.6 25.1 0.010 19.4 23.4 0.001 33.0 36.0 0.106
Sierra Leone 7.97 6.16 0.020 7.8 15.5 0.018 14.1 13.8 0.702 22.5 18.8 < 0.001
South Africa 11.9 10.0 0.162 21.9 20.2 0.358 27.0 25.5 0.472 29.7 27.0 0.196
Tanzania 12.4 11.7 0.437 19.1 17.2 0.076 15.9 17.2 0.197 26.2 24.8 0.239
Togo 16.7 14.0 0.014 23.9 20.1 0.002 27.5 28.2 0.630 31.8 22.0 0.007
Uganda 20.7 18.7 0.016 36.6 28.7 < 0.001 41.2 41.9 0.599 44.8 38.1 < 0.001
Zambia 16.1 14.0 0.057 16.5 15.1 0.172 22.1 20.4 0.278 26.5 24.1 0.091
Zimbabwe 18.6 14.8 0.002 14.2 13.8 0.763 40.0 38.2 0.231 28.7 24.8 0.018