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Table 4 Binary logistic regression on the association between adolescent childbirth and under-five morbidity disaggregated by country

From: Maternal age at first childbirth and under-five morbidity in sub-Saharan Africa: analysis of cross-sectional data of 32 countries

Countries Model I cOR (95 % CI) Model II aOR (95 % CI)
Angola 1.43***(1.31–1.57) 1.23*** (1.10–1.39)
Benin 1.09* (1.01–1.18) 1.01 (0.92–1.13)
Burkina Faso 0.95 (0.88–1.03) 0.97 (0.89–1.07)
Burundi 1.25***(1.16–1.35) 1.13* (1.02–1.25)
Cameroon 1.27*** (1.15–1.41) 1.28 (1.12–1.46)
Chad 1.05 (0.97–1.13) 1.03 (0.93–1.14)
Comoros 1.05 (0.90–1.23) 0.89 (0.72–1.11)
Congo 1.08 (0.94–1.19) 1.02 (0.91–1.15)
Congo DR 1.22*** (1.14–1.30) 1.19***(1.09–1.29)
Cote D’lvoire 1.03 (0.93–1.15) 0.98 (0.68–1.46)
Ethiopia 1.07 (0.97–1.19) 1.05 (0.93–1.19)
Gabon 1.20**(1.05–1.36) 1.07 (0.91–1.25)
Gambia 1.06 (0.95–1.18) 1.10 (0.96–1.26)
Ghana 1.05 (0.92–1.19) 0.99 (0.85–1.16)
Guinea 1.19**(1.06–1.33) 1.17* (1.03–1.35)
Kenya 1.26*** (1.15–1.38) 1.13* (1.01–1.26)
Lesotho 1.05 (0.88–1.25) 0.97 (0.78–1.20)
Liberia 1.07 (0.96–1.19) 1.07 (0.94–1.22)
Malawi 1.17***(1.09–1.26) 1.01 (0.93–1.10)
Mali 1.10 (1.00-1.22) 1.04 (0.92–1.18)
Namibia 1.25***(1.11–1.42) 1.05 (0.90–1.23)
Niger 0.97 (0.88–1.06) 0.95 (0.84–1.08)
Nigeria 1.62***(1.54–1.71) 0.97 (0.84–1.13)
Rwanda 1.07 (0.95–1.21) 1.01 (0.58–1.74)
Senegal 0.94 (0.86–1.01) 1.14 (0.77–1.69)
Sierra Leone 1.32***(1.19–1.47) 1.33 (1.17–1.51)
South Africa 1.13 (0.97–1.33) 1.09 (0.91–1.31)
Tanzania 1.06 (0.97–1.17) 1.02 (0.90–1.15)
Togo 1.22***(1.10–1.36) 1.03 (0.90–1.17)
Uganda 1.31***(1.22–1.41) 1.14** (1.04–1.25)
Zambia 1.12*(1.01–1.24) 1.02 (0.90–1.15)
Zimbabwe 1.21**(1.07–1.37) 1.10 (0.95–1.27)
  1. NB: Model II adjusted for mother’s age, marital status, pregnancy intention, place of residence, mother’s education level, wealth quintile, sex of child, child’s weight, number of ANC visits, place of delivery, and assistant during delivery; cOR=crude odds ratio; aOR=adjusted odds ratio
  2. *p < 0.05
  3. **p < 0.01
  4. ***p < 0.001