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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics including substance use of PWH in this study categorized by CD4 count at enrollment in care

From: Substance use and HIV stage at entry into care among people with HIV

PWH Characteristics Overall (N = 5017) HIV Severity
CD4 < 350 cells/mm3 (N = 1945) CD4 ≥ 350
cells/mm3
(N = 3072)
P-valuea
Age in years, mean (SD) 40.2 (11.9) 40.9 (11.7) 39.2 (12.1) < 0.01
Male, N (%) 4333 (86.4) 1669 (85.8) 2664 (86.8) 0.35
Race/Ethnicity, N (%)     < 0.01
 Non-Hispanic White 2149 (42.8) 378 (37.9) 1411 (45.9)  
 Non-Hispanic Black 1670 (33.3) 748 (38.5) 922 (30.0)  
 Hispanic 850 (16.9) 336 (17.3) 514 (16.7)  
 Other 348 (6.9) 123 (6.3) 225 (7.3)  
Mental Health Diagnoses, N (%)     < 0.01
 No mental health diagnoses 2747 (54.8) 1153 (59.3) 1594 (51.9)  
 Depression and/or anxiety only 1801 (35.9) 634 (32.6) 1167 (38.0)  
 Psychosis, bipolar, personality disorders (with or without depression and/or anxiety) 469 (9.4) 158 (8.1) 311 (10.1)  
Methamphetamines/crystal     < 0.01
 Never used 3136 (64.6) 1299 (69.4) 1837 (61.6)  
 Past use 1142 (23.5) 140 (21.9) 732 (24.6)  
 Current use 576 (11.9) 164 (8.8) 412 (13.8)  
Cocaine/Crack     < 0.01
 Never used 2678 (54.7) 1123 (59.3) 1555 (51.8)  
 Past use 1809 (36.9) 639 (33.7) 1170 (39.0)  
 Current use 410 (8.4) 133 (7.0) 277 (9.2)  
Marijuana     < 0.01
 Never used 1461 (29.8) 645 (33.8) 816 (27.2)  
 Past use 1666 (34.0) 637 (33.4) 1029 (34.4)  
 Current use 1775 (36.2) 624 (32.7) 1151 (38.4)  
Illicit Opioids     0.02
 Never used 3832 (82.8) 1477 (84.8) 2355 (81.7)  
 Past use 645 (13.9) 217 (12.5) 428 (14.8)  
 Current use 149 (3.2) 48 (2.8) 101 (3.5)  
High-risk Alcohol Consumption     0.01
 High-risk drinking 3859 (78.1) 1530 (80.0) 2329 (77.0)  
 No high-risk drinking 1080 (21.9) 383 (20.0) 697 (23.0)  
HIV Risk Factor     < 0.01
 Men who have Sex with Men (MSM) 3222 (64.2) 1182 (60.8) 2040 (66.4)  
 Injection Drug Use (IDU) 557 (11.1) 207 (10.6) 350 (11.4)  
 Heterosexual 1008 (20.1) 465 (23.9) 543 (17.7)  
 Unknown or Other 230 (4.6) 91 (4.7) 139 (4.5)  
  1. aComparing PWH populations with CD4 < 350 and CD4 ≥ 350 cells/mm3