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Table 2 Associations between substance use and early entry into carea (individual models for each substance) in adjusted analysesb

From: Substance use and HIV stage at entry into care among people with HIV

Substance OR P-value 95% CI RR P-value 95% CI
Methamphetamines (ref. Never used)
 Past use only 1.09 0.29 0.93–1.27 1.03 0.28 0.98–1.09
Current use 1.52 < 0.01 1.23–1.88 1.14 < 0.01 1.07–1.22
Cocaine/Crack (ref. Never used)
Past use only 1.20 0.01 1.05–1.37 1.07 0.01 1.02–1.12
Current use 1.43 < 0.01 1.14–1.79 1.13 < 0.01 1.05–1.22
Marijuana (ref. Never used)
Past use only 1.19 0.02 1.03–1.38 1.07 0.02 1.01–1.14
Current use 1.33 < 0.01 1.14–1.55 1.12 < 0.01 1.05–1.19
Illicit Opioids (ref. Never used)
 Past use only 1.12 0.22 0.93–1.34 1.03 0.22 0.98–1.10
 Current use 1.22 0.28 0.85–1.74 1.07 0.25 0.95–1.20
High-risk Alcohol Consumption (ref. No high-risk drinking)
 High-risk drinking 1.12 0.11 0.97–1.30 1.04 0.12 0.99–1.10
  1. a Early entry into care define as entering care with CD4 counts > 350 cells/mm3
  2. b All models adjusted for sex, age, race/ethnicity, current depressive symptoms, mental health diagnoses, and treatment site