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Table 4 Associations between substance use and early entry into carea in adjusted analysesb,c

From: Substance use and HIV stage at entry into care among people with HIV

Substance OR P-value 95% CI RR P-value 95% CI
Methamphetamines (ref. Never used)
 Past use only 0.96 0.67 0.79–1.16 0.99 0.69 0.92–1.05
 Current use 1.52 0.00 1.16–1.98 1.14 < 0.01 1.05–1.23
Cocaine (ref. Never used)
 Past use only 1.15 0.10 0.97–1.37 1.05 0.10 0.92–1.12
 Current use 1.44 0.02 1.07–1.93 1.12 0.01 1.02–1.23
Marijuana (ref. Never used)
 Past use only 1.10 0.27 0.92–1.30 1.04 0.23 0.98–1.11
 Current use 1.27 0.02 1.04–1.53 1.09 0.01 1.02–1.18
Illicit Opioids (ref. Never used)
 Past use only 1.04 0.73 0.85–1.27 1.01 0.79 0.94–1.08
 Current use 1.02 0.94 0.68–1.53 1.00 0.95 0.89–1.14
High-risk Alcohol Consumption (ref. No high-risk drinking)
 High-risk drinking 1.17 0.12 0.96–1.42 1.05 0.12 0.99–1.23
  1. a Early entry into care define as entering care with CD4 counts > 350 cells/mm3
  2. bAll substances included in the same analytic model
  3. c All models adjusted for sex, age, race/ethnicity, MSM, current depressive symptoms, mental health diagnoses, and treatment site