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Table 5 Associationsa between PWH Characteristics and Early Entry into Careb

From: Substance use and HIV stage at entry into care among people with HIV

Substance OR P-value 95% CI RR P-value 95% CI
Male, Not MSM (ref. Female) 0.68 < 0.01 0.54–0.85 0.86 0.01 0.79–0.94
MSM 1.33 < 0.01 1.14–1.56 1.12 < 0.01 1.05–1.19
Age 0.99 0.01 0.98–0.99 0.99 0.01 0.99–0.99
Race/ethnicity (ref. Non-Hispanic White)
 Non-Hispanic Black 0.80 0.01 0.67–0.94 0.92 0.01 0.86–0.98
 Hispanic 0.79 0.01 0.66–0.95 0.92 0.02 0.86–0.98
Current depressive symptoms (PHQ-9 Score) 0.96 0.11 0.90–1.01 0.98 0.12 0.97–1.0
Mental Health Diagnosis (ref. No Mental Health Diagnosis)
 Depression and/or Anxiety 1.26 < 0.01 1.09–1.46 1.09 < 0.01 1.03–1.15
 Any psychotic, bipolar, or personality disorder 1.42 0.01 1.10–1.82 1.13 < 0.01 1.04–1.22
  1. a Adjusted for all substances and treatment site
  2. b Early entry into care define as entering care with CD4 counts > 350 cells/mm3