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Table 3 Status in managing hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia, among Chinese adults 45 years and above by urban-rural setting

From: Socio-economic inequalities in the chronic diseases management among Chinese adults aged 45 years and above: a cross sectional study

Dependent variables Rural   Urban   Total  
  na % na % na %
Health checks
Yes 3213 28.9 3024 37.3 6237 32.4
No 7903 71.1 5092 62.7 12,995 67.6
Hypertension
 Diagnosisb 2122 58.0 2039 67.5 4161 62.3
 None diagnosis 1540 42.0 982 33.5 2522 26.7
Among diagnosed
 Condition monitoringc 1839 86.7 1767 86.7 3606 86.7
 Health educationd 1156 54.5 1311 64.3 2467 59.3
 On medication 1823 85.9 1828 89.7 3651 87.7
 Controle 630 29.7 575 28.2 1205 30.0
Diabetes
 Diagnosisb 380 40.8 491 60.6 871 50.0
 None diagnosis 552 59.2 319 39.4 871 50.0
Among diagnosed
 Condition monitoringc 276 72.6 402 81.9 678 77.8
 Health educationd 273 71.8 389 79.2 662 76.0
 On medication 258 67.9 359 73.1 617 70.8
 Controle 210 55.2 220 44.8 430 49.4
Dyslipidemia
 Diagnosisb 629 23.6 771 36.4 1400 29.2
 None diagnosis 2041 72.4 1349 73.6 3390 70.8
Among diagnosed
 On medication 348 55.3 408 52.9 756 54.0
 Controle 249 39.6 182 23.6 431 30.8
  1. a n is the numerator
  2. b For hypertension, “Diagnosis” refers to a subject who had a mean SBP ≥140 mmHg and/or DBP ≥90 mmHg or reported use of antihypertensive medication. For diabetes, “Diagnosis” refers to a subject who had a fasting plasma glucose level ≥ 126 mg/dL, or an HbA1c ≥6.5% if he/she did not fast overnight, or reported a doctor’s diagnosis of diabetes. For dyslipidemia, “Diagnosis” refers to a subject who had a total cholesterol level ≥ 240 mg/dL, or total triglycerides ≥200 mg/dL, or HDL-C < 40 mg/dL, or LDL-C ≥ 160 mg/dL or reported a doctor’s diagnosis of dyslipidemia
  3. c “Condition monitoring” referred to a subject who had a chronic condition and monitored his/her conditions in the past year. Condition monitoring refers to the monitoring of blood pressures for hypertension; and to the monitoring of blood sugar or HbA1c for diabetes
  4. d “Health education” refers to the uptake of lifestyle-modifying interventions from a health professional. In China, community health providers should provide “condition monitoring” and “health education” to the population-in their catchment area- who had a hypertension or diabetes free of charge
  5. e “Control” were defined as systolic blood pressure < 140 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure < 90 mmHg for hypertension, HbA1c < 7% for diabetes, total cholesterol < 240 mg/dL and total triglycerides < 200 mg/dL, and HDL-C ≥ 40 mg/dL and LDL-C < 160 mg/dL for dyslipidemia, respectively