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Table 4 Associations between socioeconomic status and the management of hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia, among Chinese adults aged 45 years and abovea

From: Socio-economic inequalities in the chronic diseases management among Chinese adults aged 45 years and above: a cross sectional study

Dependent variables Urban Setting
(rural as reference)
Education Economic status
  OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Health checks 1.246 (1.164, 1.333) 1.047 (1.037, 1.057) 1.087 (1.055, 1.121)
Hypertension
 Diagnosis 1.244 (1.114, 1.389) 1.033 (1.017, 1.050) 1.214 (1.155, 1.276)
Among diagnosed
 Condition monitoring 0.960 (0.786, 1.173) 1.039 (1.010, 1.068) 1.083 (0.995, 1.178)
 Health education 1.382 (1.199, 1.593) 1.045 (1.024, 1.065) 1.194 (1.121, 1.272)
 On medication 1.269 (1.029, 1.565) 1.043 (1.012, 1.074) 1.112 (1.017, 1.216)
 Control 1.002 (0.855, 1.173) 1.014 (0.992, 1.037) 1.094 (1.018, 1.177)
Diabetes
 Diagnosis 1.672 (1.347, 2.075) 1.035 (1.004, 1.067) 1.277 (1.148, 1.420)
Among diagnosed
 Condition monitoring 1.718 (1.191, 2.478) 1.044 (0.993, 1.097) 1.222 (1.024, 1.458)
 Health education 1.252 (0.880, 1.781) 1.001 (0.954, 1.051) 1.126 (0.946, 1.341)
 On medication 1.231 (0.882, 1.720) 1.023 (0.978, 1.070) 1.194 (1.013, 1.407)
 Control 0.964 (0.660, 1.409) 1.002 (0.950, 1.057) 1.130 (0.938, 1.361)
Dyslipidemia
 Diagnosis 1.344 (1.166, 1.549) 1.075 (1.053, 1.096) 1.214 (1.131, 1.303)
Among diagnosed
 On medication 1.230 (0.960, 1.036) 0.978 (0.947, 1.009) 1.001 (0.893, 1.123)
 Control 0.556 (0.416, 0.742) 0.989 (0.953, 1.027) 0.867 (0.754, 0.998)
  1. a Logistic regression were conducted, adjusting for age, sex, marital status, smoke, drink, social health insurance. Economic status was measured by annual per capita living expenditure. Education was measured by years’ of education achievement. Bolded coefficients are statistically significant at the P level of 0.05