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Table 5 Social capital as a mediating factor on the association between urban-rural setting and chronic diseases management, among Chinese adults aged 45 years and abovea

From: Socio-economic inequalities in the chronic diseases management among Chinese adults aged 45 years and above: a cross sectional study

Dependent variables Indirect effect via social participation Indirect effect via perceived helpfulness Direct effect Total effect of urban-rural setting
  Coefficient 95% CI Coefficient 95% CI Coefficient 95% CI Coefficient 95% CI
Health checks 0.0028 (0.0018, 0.0046) 0.0001 (−0.0002, 0.0006) 0.0567 (0.0404, 0.0731) 0.0596 (0.0433, 0.0764)
Hypertension
 Diagnosis 0.0016 (0.0003, 0.0036) 0.0006 (− 0.0007, 0.0024) 0.0576 (0.0252, 0.0893) 0.0598 (0.0283, 0.0950)
Among diagnosed
 Condition monitoring 0.0019 (−0.0003, 0.0054) − 0.0012 (− 0.0040, 0.0006) −0.0114 (− 0.0614, 0.0421) −0.0107 (− 0.0608, 0.0398)
 Health education 0.0016 (0.0004, 0.0042) −0.0005 (−0.0025, 0.0002) 0.0878 (0.0442, 0.1285) 0.0889 (0.0494, 0.1309)
 On medication −0.0003 (−0.0029, 0.0017) 0.0004 (−0.0007, 0.0024) 0.0653 (0.0094, 0.1166) 0.0654 (0.0083, 0.1170)
 Control 0.0005 (−0.0008, 0.0033) 0.0002 (−0.0004, 0.0018) − 0.0002 (− 0.0459, 0.0473) 0.0005 (− 0.0449, 0.0475)
Diabetes
 Diagnosis 0.0018 (−0.0009, 0.0099) −0.0001 (− 0.0031, 0.0022) 0.1382 (0.0720, 0.1960) 0.1399 (0.0767, 0.2031)
Among diagnosed
 Condition monitoring 0.0038 (−0.0076, 0.0229) −0.0005 (− 0.0085, 0.0019) 0.1450 (0.0420, 0.2269) 0.1483 (0.0564, 0.2354)
 Health education 0.0013 (−0.0019, 0.0125) −0.0009 (− 0.0117, 0.0039) 0.0597 (− 0.0291, 0.1806) 0.0601 (− 0.0285, 0.1825)
 On medication −0.0004 (− 0.0085, 0.0015) 0.0002 (− 0.0021, 0.0063) 0.0573 (− 0.0270, 0.1397) 0.0571 (− 0.0262, 0.1419)
 Control 0.0004 (−0.0027, 0.0081) 0.0007 (−0.0022, 0.0111) −0.0111 (− 0.1127, 0.0909) − 0.0100 (− 0.1134, 0.0895)
Dyslipidemia
 Diagnosis 0.0018 (0.0003, 0.0051) 0.0007 (− 0.0002, 0.0019) 0.0780 (0.0365, 0.1081) 0.0805 (0.0393, 0.1097)
Among diagnosed
 On medication − 0.0009 (− 0.0045, 0.0009) 0.0003 (− 0.0013, 0.0048) 0.0573 (− 0.0329, 0.1076) 0.0567 (− 0.0307, 0.1069)
 Control −0.0003 (− 0.0051, 0.0018) − 0.0001 (− 0.0042, 0.0034) −0.1595 (− 0.2417, − 0.0857) −0.1599 (− 0.2407, − 0.0835)
  1. a Adjusting for age, sex, marital status, smoke, drink, social health insurance. Bolded coefficients are statistically significant at the P level of 0.05