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Table 7 Social capital as a mediating factor on the association between educational achievement and chronic diseases management, among Chinese adults aged 45 years and abovea

From: Socio-economic inequalities in the chronic diseases management among Chinese adults aged 45 years and above: a cross sectional study

Dependent variables Indirect effect via social participation Indirect effect via perceived helpfulness Direct effect Total effect of education
  Coefficient 95% CI Coefficient 95% CI Coefficient 95% CI Coefficient 95% CI
Health checks 0.0077 (0.0055, 0.0109) 0.0000 (−0.0004, 0.0007) 0.0933 (0.0718, 0.1128) 0.1011 (0.0805, 0.1204)
Hypertension
 Diagnosis 0.0044 (0.0007, 0.0091) 0.0013 (−0.0000, 0.0040) 0.0671 (0.0248, 0.1040) 0.0728 (0.0292, 0.1085)
Among diagnosed
 Condition monitoring 0.0064 (0.0001, 0.0162) 0.0000 (−0.0015, 0.0152) 0.0796 (0.0107, 0.1385) 0.0860 (0.0200, 0.1428)
 Health education 0.0054 (0.0007, 0.0126) 0.0000 (−0.0014, 0.0011) 0.0940 (0.0512, 0.1375) 0.0995 (0.0579, 0.1412)
 On medication −0.0022 (−0.0108, 0.0052) − 0.0000 (− 0.0019, 0.0014) 0.0980 (0.0374, 0.1472) 0.0958 (0.0433, 0.1480)
 Control 0.0057 (0.0017, 0.0115) 0.0001 (−0.0003, 0.0012) 0.0259 (−0.0273, 0.0780) 0.0317 (−0.0172, 0.0852)
Diabetes
 Diagnosis 0.0069 (0.0013, 0.0159) 0.0005 (−0.0008, 0.0056) 0.0686 (−0.0069, 0.1373) 0.0760 (0.0021, 0.1450)
Among diagnosed
 Condition monitoring 0.0120 (0.0002, 0.0343) −0.0025 (− 0.0183, 0.0033) 0.0910 (− 0.0271, 0.1804) 0.1005 (− 0.0194, 0.1956)
 Health education 0.0042 (−0.0012, 0.0186) −0.0042 (− 0.0196, 0.0011) 0.0056 (− 0.1004, 0.1172) 0.0056 (− 0.0954, 0.1155)
 On medication −0.0015 (− 0.0166, 0.0030) 0.0009 (− 0.0030, 0.0099) 0.0529 (− 0.0405, 0.1414) 0.0523 (− 0.0413, 0.1358)
 Control 0.0019 (−0.0058, 0.0153) 0.0022 (−0.0020, 0.0218) 0.0008 (−0.1180, 0.0953) 0.0049 (−0.1130, 0.1037)
Dyslipidemia
 Diagnosis 0.0055 (0.0003, 0.0099) 0.0007 (−0.0003, 0.0023) 0.1513 (0.1103, 0.2009) 0.1575 (0.1171, 0.2057)
Among diagnosed
 On medication −0.0045 (− 0.0137, 0.0025) 0.0002 (− 0.0012, 0.0057) −0.0492 (− 0.1485, 0.0252) −0.0534 (− 0.1318, 0.0283)
 Control −0.0020 (− 0.0144, 0.0064) −0.0001 (− 0.0064, 0.0023) −0.0235 (− 0.1111, 0.0752) −0.0256 (− 0.1102, 0.0740)
  1. a Adjusting for age, sex, marital status, smoke, drink, social health insurance. Bolded coefficients are statistically significant at the P level of 0.05