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Table 1 Characteristics of health facilities and care providers in Hadiya zone, Ethiopia (May – July 2019)

From: A mixed-methods study exploring adherence to the referral of severely sick children in primary health care in Southern Ethiopia

Characteristics n %
Type of health facility
 Health post 43 68
 Health centre 20 32
Health facilities offering child health services
 Community-based newborn care at health posts (N = 43) 35 81
 Integrated community case management at health posts (N = 43) 31 72
 Integrated management of newborn and childhood illnesses (N = 20) 20 100
Availability of treatment guidelines of
 Community-based newborn care 35 81
 Integrated community case management 36 84
 Integrated management of newborn and childhood illnesses 16 80
Profession of health care providers working in child health department
 Health extension worker 43 68
 Nurse 18 29
 Health officer 2 3
Age of health care provider in years
 19–29 34 54
 => 30 29 46
Sex of health care provider
 Man 12 19
 Woman 51 81
Service period of health care providers (years)
 < = 5 22 35
 6–10 17 27
 => 11 24 38
Healthcare providers received in-service training on care and treatment of   
 0–59 days sick young infants 38 60
 2–59 months sick children 38 60
Healthcare providers received supportive supervision on care and treatment of
 0–59 days sick young infants 14 22
 2–59 months sick children 16 37
Healthcare providers perceived regular adherence to the treatment guidelines of
 0–59 days sick young infants 42 67
 2–59 months sick children 32 74
Availability of transportation facility for referral of sick children
 No 27 43
 Yes 36 57
Health providers made advance call to alert the next level of care when referral of the last child was done?
 No 27 43
 Yes 36 57
Experience of back referral by health facilities
 No 52 82
 Yes 11 18
Healthcare providers’ perception of parents’ compliance with referral advice
 Not complying 37 59
 Yes, complying 26 41
Facilities have observed records of quality assurance activity
 No 37 59
 Yes 26 41
Number of 0–59 days sick young infants
 Who consulted the health facilities 1872  
 With possible severe bacterial infections 110 6
 With possible severe bacterial infections referred 66 60
Number of 2–59 months sick children
 Who consulted the health facilities 22,037  
 With severe diseases that require referral 733 3
 With severe diseases who were referred 397 54