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Table 3 Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression to identify determinate factors of caesarean section delivery among women’s who gave birth in Southwest Ethiopia, 2020

From: Magnitude and associated factors of caesarean section deliveries among women who gave birth in Southwest Ethiopia: institutional-based cross-sectional study

Variables Caesarean Section Delivery COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
No (%) Yes (%)
Maternal age
 15-24 102(19) 50(9) 0.82(0.43-1.55) 1.15(0.54-2.46)
 25-34 225(41) 111(20) 0.81(0.45-1.47) 1.03(0.52-2.05)
 35-44 45(8) 18(3) 1 1
Maternal educational status
 No formal education 135(25) 57(10) 1 1
 Primary education 140(25) 71(13) 0.8(0.79-1.97) 1.1(0.62-1.91)
 Secondary and above 97(18) 51(9) 0.8(0.67-1.62) 0.9(0.53-1.54)
Place of residence
 Rural 298(54) 102(19) 1 1
 Urban 74(13) 77(14) 3.04(2.06-4.49)* 2.58(1.66-4.02)*
Gravidity
 Primigravida 59(11) 33(6) 0.72(0.41-1.29) 0.717(0.37-1.38)
 Multigravida 224(41) 110(20) 0.82(0.53-1.29) 0.81(0.48-1.35)
 Grand multigravida 89((16) 36(7) 1 1
Parity
 Primiparaous 28(5) 54(10) 0.37(0.41-1.29) 0.72(0.37-1.38)
 Multiparous 305(55) 97(18) 2.26(0.53-2.91) 2.81(0.68-3.35)
 Grand multiparous 39(7) 28(5) 1 1
ANC visit
 Yes 239(43) 127(23) 0.74(0.5-1.08) 0.69(0.44-1.08)
 No 133(24) 52(9) 1  
Multiple pregnancy
 Yes 71(13) 25(5) 1.45(1.27-5.64)* 2.15(1.89-5.23)*
 No 301(55) 154(28) 1 1
Gestational age
 Term(37-42 week) 287(52) 126(23) 1 1
 Preterm(<37 week) 45(8) 26(5) 0.76(0.78-1.23) 0.89(0.38-2.09)
 Post term(>42 week) 40(7) 27(5) 0.65(0.431-1.701) 1.087(0.57-2.08)
Malpresentation
 Yes 101(18) 28(5) 2.01(1.96-4.99)* 3.05(1.77-5.24)*
 No 271(49) 151(27) 1 1
Newborn birth weight
 Normal birth weight 278(51) 132(24) 1 1
 Low birth weight 56(10) 22(4) 1.21(1.01-1.41)* 0.98(0.54-1.77)
 Macrosomia 38(7) 25(5) 0.72(0.29-1.21) 0.55(0.25-1.21)
Pervious history of CS
 Yes 48(9) 21(4) 1.11(1.001-1.9)* 2.55(2.23-5.64)*
 No 324(59) 158(29) 1 1
  1. *p value<0.05, 1=ref., Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness tests=0.85