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Table 5 Analysis of the statistically significant risk factors associated with HBV infection in East Africa

From: Prevalence and predictors of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in east Africa: evidence from a systematic review and meta-analysis of epidemiological studies published from 2005 to 2020

  Analysis    
Risk factor Number Relative risk %(95%CI) P value Heterogeneity (I2%) Model
Marriage 18 1.592 (0.535 to 4.732) 0.403 99.08 Random
Gravidity 5 0.856 (0.448 to 1.634) 0.637 61.66 Random
History of blood transfusion 10 1.950 (1.114 to 3.413) 0.019* 76.89 Random
Scarification 4 1.204 (1.154 to 1.257) < 0.001* 6.39% Fixed
HIV sero-positivity 6 2.227 (1.039 to 4.772) 0.039* 64.96% Random
History of surgery 7 2.47 (0.14 to 43.63) 0.537 99.22 Random
≥2 sexual partners 6 2.161 (1.085 to 4.305) 0.028* 86.36 Random
Male sex 12 1.312 (1.268 to 1.357) < 0.001* 49.72 Fixed
  1. *P value of risk factor < 0.05 statistically significant