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Table 1 General characteristics of final data set (i.e., study population). “A case study performed in 2019-20 to develop a Machine Learning-algorithm to estimate the incidence of Diabetes Mellitus in France”

From: Use of artificial intelligence for public health surveillance: a case study to develop a machine Learning-algorithm to estimate the incidence of diabetes mellitus in France

Study Population Total (N = 44,659) N = 44,659
Target 0 (Non-diabetes cases = 44,578) Target 1 (Incident diabetes cases = 81)
Age in years, mean (±SD) 47.8, ±13.2 47.8, ±13.2 57.0, ±8.2
Gender, men % (n) 46.9 (20946) 46.9 (20896) 61.7 (50)
Smoking status, % (n)
 Never smoked 43.2 (19296) 43.2 (19271) 30.9 (25)
 Former smoker 33.1 (14772) 33.1 (14741) 38.3 (31)
 Current smoker 18.6 (8320) 18.6 (8307) 16.0 (13)
 Missing 5.1 (2271) 5.1 (2259) 14.8 (12)
Body mass index, kg/m2 (mean, ±SD), (n) 25.0, ±4.4 (43668) 25.0, ±4.4 (43588) 31.8, ±6.0 (80)
Treated hypertension, yes, % (n) 11.3 (5031) 11.2 (4996) 43.2 (35)
Treated dyslipidemia, yes, % (n) 8.1 (3635) 8.1 (3609) 32.1 (26)
Mother/father diagnosed with diabetes, yes, % (n) 15.1 (6764) 15.1 (6730) 42.0 (34)
Educationa % (n)
 No education - primary education 3.1 (1374) 3.1 (1366) 9.9 (8)
 Lower secondary education 6.9 (3060) 6.8 (3042) 22.2 (18)
 Upper secondary education 33.5 (14942) 33.4 (14911) 38.3 (31)
 Lower tertiary education 33.0 (14728) 33.0 (14714) 17.3 (14)
 Upper tertiary education 21.7 (9709) 21.8 (9699) 12.3 (10)
 Missing or other category 1.9 (846) 1.9 (846) 0 (.)
Geographical origin, % (n)
 Metropolitan France 87.9 (39249) 87.9 (39177) 88.9 (72)
 FOTb 0.9 (381) 0.9 (379) 2.5 (2)
 Europe 4.2 (1861) 4.2 (1859) 2.5 (2)
 North Africa 2.8 (1260) 2.8 (1257) 3.7 (3)
 Sub-Saharan Africa 1.1 (503) 1.1 (502) 1.2 (1)
 Asia 0.7 (326) 0.7 (326) . (.)
 Others 1.0 (433) 1.0 (433) . (.)
 Missing or don’t want to answer 1.4 (646) 1.4 (645) 1.2 (1)
Professional activity, % (n)
 Employed 65.2 (29123) 65.3 (29093) 37.0 (30)
 Unemployed 6.1 (2721) 6.1 (2712) 11.1 (9)
 Retired 21.8 (9753) 21.8 (9720) 40.7 (33)
 Student 1.5 (653) 1.5 (653) 0 (.)
 Unemployed due to disability 0.9 (390) 0.9 (385) 6.2 (5)
 No professional activity 1.4 (603) 1.4 (602) 1.2 (1)
 Missing or other category 3.2 (1416) 3.2 (1413) 3.7 (3)
  1. SD Standard Deviation
  2. a Based on the International Classification ISCED
  3. b French overseas territories