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Table 1 General characteristics of study households (n = 406), children (n = 538) and dietary data in Borana, southern Ethiopia, August – October 2015

From: Effects of dietary and health factors on nutritional status of children in pastoral settings in Borana, southern Ethiopia, August–October 2015

Variables Unit /
level
Mean ± sd /
Percent (%)#
Child characteristics   
Age of children in months 32.68 ± 15.25
Sex girls 0.50 ± 0.50
WAZ Z-score -1.45 ± 1.03
HAZ Z-score -1.66 ± 1.27
WHZ Z-score -0.74 ± 1.03
Illness occurrence Yes 32.0 %
Dietary diversity score Count 2.7 ± 0.87
Milk frequency Count 4.3 ± 1.16
Meal frequency Count 2.3 ± 1.10
Mother characteristics   
Age of mothers in years 29.39 ± 7.93
Mother education literate 12.5 %
Polygamy Yes 10.0 %
Decision making on resources Yes 17.7 %
Hand washing after toilet use Yes 71.1 %
Hand washing before food preparation Yes 69.7 %
Received advice from health workers Yes 83.0 %
Household characteristics   
Major livestock cattle 61.7 %
Family size number 6.59 ± 2.35
Lactating animals in TLU* 2.49 ± 1.92
Livestock species diversity number 2.93 ± 0.80
Off-farm income Yes 24.7 %
Crop cultivation Yes 88.0 %
Protected water source Yes 16.2 %
Water treatment practices Yes 27.1 %
Own toilet Yes 61.9 %
Own radio Yes 35.3 %
Own mobile phone Yes 66.7 %
Travel time to market‡ hours 2.3 ± 3.25
Travel time to health facility‡ hours 1.1 ± 0.76
Travel time to water source‡ hours 1.4 ± 0.65
  1. *TLU: tropical livestock unit, equivalent to 250 kg, ‡travel time is for a single trip in hours; #Mean and percent (%) were indicated for quantitative and categorical (dummy) variables, respectively