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Table 3 Factors associated with underweight, stunting and wasting among children (n = 538) in Borana, Ethiopia, August – October 2015

From: Effects of dietary and health factors on nutritional status of children in pastoral settings in Borana, southern Ethiopia, August–October 2015

Variables Unit/level Prevalence ratio 95 % CI Z-value P-value
WAZ (underweight = 28.3 %)1      
 Dietary diversity count 0.72 0.59–0.88 -3.16 0.002
 Milk frequency count 0.86 0.76–0.97 -2.53 0.012
 Meal frequency count 1.02 0.85–1.22 0.17 0.864
 Illness yes 1.36 1.03–1.80 2.17 0.030
 Travel time to health hours 1.16 1.02–1.32 2.27 0.023
 Own radio yes 1.32 1.00–1.73 1.99 0.047
 Age month 1.02 1.01–1.03 3.62 0.000
 Sex girls 0.79 0.60–1.05 -1.76 0.078
HAZ(stunting = 41.1 %)1      
 Dietary diversity count 0.80 0.68–0.93 -2.88 0.004
 Milk frequency count 0.83 0.75–0.91 -3.87 0.000
 Meal frequency count 0.96 0.84–1.09 -0.62 0.535
 Travel time to market hours 1.03 1.01–1.06 2.42 0.016
 Own toilet yes 0.80 0.65–0.97 -1.98 0.049
 Age month 1.01 1.00–1.02 2.30 0.021
 Sex girls 0.90 0.74–1–09 -1.08 0.281
WHZ (wasting = 9.8 %)1      
 Dietary diversity count 0.42 0.27–0.66 -3.78 0.000
 Milk frequency count 0.77 0.60–0.98 -2.09 0.037
 Meal frequency count 1.19 0.97–1.44 1.69 0.092
 Travel time to health hours 1.39 1.13–1.71 3.12 0.002
 Off-farm income yes 2.88 1.67–4.96 3.81 0.000
 Age months 1.02 1.00–1.04 2.20 0.028
 Sex girls 0.75 0.52–1.08 -1.54 0.123
  1. 1underweight, stunting and wasting were modeled for Z-scores ≤–2SD = 1 or 0 otherwise. Meal frequency and sex were retained in the model for comparison regardless of their significance level