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Table 4 OLS regression results of the association between childhood neighborhood relationship and cognitive ability among the middle-aged and older adults

From: The association between childhood neighborhood relationship and mental health in middle and later life: Evidence from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study

Variable Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
Childhood neighborhood relationship 0.3005 0.2662 0.2410 0.2284
(0.1547) (0.1538) (0.1531) (0.1528)
[−0.0035,0.6045] [−0.0362,0.5685] [− 0.0599,0.5419] [− 0.0719,0.5287]
Age   −0.0155*** − 0.0117*** − 0.0104**
   (0.0033) (0.0034) (0.0035)
   [−0.0220,-0.0090] [−0.0184,-0.0049] [− 0.0172,-0.0036]
Gender   0.3627*** 0.2847*** 0.2584***
   (0.0600) (0.0608) (0.0672)
   [0.2447,0.4806] [0.1651,0.4042] [0.1262,0.3905]
Marital status   0.1874 0.2067* 0.2072*
   (0.0959) (0.0959) (0.0959)
   [−0.0011,0.3759] [0.0182,0.3951] [0.0188,0.3957]
Residency area   0.4832*** 0.4636*** 0.4446***
   (0.0760) (0.0760) (0.0765)
   [0.3339,0.6326] [0.3142,0.6129] [0.2942,0.5950]
Education status    0.5789*** 0.5654***
    (0.1106) (0.1102)
    [0.3616,0.7963] [0.3488,0.7820]
Household income    0.0138* 0.0123*
   (0.0061) (0.0061)
   [0.0018,0.0257] [0.0003,0.0243]
Drinking     0.0401
     (0.0576)
     [−0.0731,0.1533]
Sleeping time     0.0262
     (0.0144)
     [−0.0022,0.0545]
Social interaction     0.1692**
     (0.0514)
     [0.0681,0.2703]
Constant 9.0330*** 9.5566*** 8.8187*** 8.4998***
  (0.2155) (0.3218) (0.3534) (0.3750)
  [8.6095,9.4565] [8.9242,10.1889] [8.1241,9.5134] [7.7629,9.2367]
Province fixed effects Yes Yes Yes Yes
Number of observations 5293 5293 5293 5293
F statistics 6.46*** 8.86*** 9.18*** 9.68***
R-squared 0.0179 0.0379 0.0447 0.0471
  1. Robust standard errors that clustered at the community level are reported in parentheses. 95% confidence intervals are reported in square brackets. ***p < 0.001, **p < 0.01, *p < 0.05