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Table 6 Doubly robust estimation results for the association between childhood neighborhood relationship and mental health among the middle-aged and older adults

From: The association between childhood neighborhood relationship and mental health in middle and later life: Evidence from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study

  Depressive symptoms CES–D score Cognitive ability
Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5 Model 6
AIPW IPWRA AIPW IPWRA AIPW IPWRA
ATE −0.1540*** − 0.1564*** −2.2830*** −2.3102*** 0.2276 0.2191
  (0.0387) (0.0388) (0.4452) (0.4485) (0.1545) (0.1516)
POmean 0.3977*** 0.4001*** 8.8157*** 8.8430*** 8.9263*** 8.9348***
  (0.0383) (0.0384) (0.4396) (0.4428) (0.1525) (0.1495)
ATT   −0.1558***   −2.2925***   0.2177
   (0.0390)   (0.4499)   (0.1523)
POmean   0.3993***   8.8224***   8.9388***
   (0.0386)   (0.4443)   (0.1503)
Number of observations 5293 5293 5293 5293 5293 5293
  1. Robust standard errors are reported in parentheses. ***p < 0.001, **p < 0.01, *p < 0.05