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Table 7 Heterogeneity of the association between childhood neighborhood relationship and mental health among the middle-aged and older adults

From: The association between childhood neighborhood relationship and mental health in middle and later life: Evidence from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study

  Depressive symptoms CES–D score Cognitive ability
A. Age difference
 Childhood neighborhood relationship 0.7154 − 0.9965 0.2927
(0.1936) (0.5703) (0.2362)
[0.4209,1.2157] [− 2.1175,0.1244] [− 0.1714,0.7569]
 Age60 2.8686** 3.2139*** 0.2314
  (1.0546) (0.8873) (0.3130)
  [1.3955,5.8965] [1.4701,4.9577] [−0.3838,0.8466]
 Childhood neighborhood relationship * age60 0.4182* −3.0119*** −0.1170
(0.1475) (0.8514) (0.3128)
[0.2095,0.8348] [−4.6853,-1.3386] [−0.7317,0.4977]
B. Gender difference
 Childhood neighborhood relationship 0.5233* −2.5033** 0.3867
(0.1433) (0.8090) (0.2618)
[0.3059,0.8952] [−4.0933,-0.9133] [−0.1279,0.9013]
 Gender 0.8914 −0.7374 0.4845
  (0.3127) (1.0231) (0.3118)
  [0.4482,1.7729] [−2.7482,1.2734] [−0.1283,1.0972]
 Childhood neighborhood relationship * gender 0.7348 −0.4097 −0.2325
(0.2617) (1.0039) (0.3129)
[0.3657,1.4768] [−2.3827,1.5633] [−0.8474,0.3824]
C. Residency area difference
 Childhood neighborhood relationship 0.4147*** −2.9815*** 0.1919
(0.0701) (0.4508) (0.1691)
[0.2977,0.5776] [−3.8675,-2.0955] [−0.1406,0.5243]
 Residency area 0.4164 −3.0528* 0.1743
  (0.2304) (1.4881) (0.3431)
  [0.1408,1.2318] [−5.9774,-0.1282] [−0.5001,0.8486]
 Childhood neighborhood relationship * residency area 1.2591 1.5145 0.2778
(0.6914) (1.4810) (0.3533)
[0.4292,3.6936] [−1.3963,4.4253] [−0.4167,0.9722]
D. Education status difference
 Childhood neighborhood relationship 1.0150 −2.2743 0.5076
(0.4822) (1.5626) (0.4574)
[0.4000,2.5757] [−5.3454,0.7968] [−0.3913,1.4065]
 Education status 2.1107 0.1997 0.8621
  (1.0233) (1.6108) (0.4713)
  [0.8162,5.4587] [−2.9662,3.3655] [−0.0643,1.7884]
 Childhood neighborhood relationship * education status 0.3806 −0.5687 −0.3126
(0.1932) (1.6491) (0.4818)
[0.1407,1.0295] [−3.8098,2.6723] [−1.2596,0.6343]
E. Income difference
 Childhood neighborhood relationship 0.4279*** −3.2355*** 0.2913
(0.0988) (0.7296) (0.2012)
[0.2721,0.6729] [−4.6694,-1.8015] [−0.1042,0.6867]
 Income 0.9913 −0.1131 0.0264
  (0.0372) (0.1083) (0.0311)
  [0.9210,1.0669] [−0.3259,0.0997] [−0.0348,0.0875]
 Childhood neighborhood relationship * income 0.9989 0.1046 −0.0145
(0.0383) (0.1101) (0.0319)
[0.9265,1.0770] [−0.1119,0.3211] [−0.0773,0.0482]
  1. Robust standard errors that clustered at the community level are reported in parentheses. 95% confidence intervals are reported in square brackets. ***p < 0.001, **p < 0.01, *p < 0.05. Control variables and province fixed effects were controlled