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Table 4 Multivariable logistic regression results for factors associated with anemia among married women: Evidence from the DHSs of 19 sub-Saharan African countries

From: Prevalence of anemia and its associated factors among married women in 19 sub-Saharan African countries

Variables aOR[95% CI] P-value
Age in years
 15–19 Ref  
 20–24 0.89 (0.71–1.12) 0.360
 25–29 0.92 (0.73–1.16) 0.515
 30–34 0.99 (0.78–1.25) 0.975
 35–39 0.89 (0.71–1.12) 0.348
 40–44 0.97 (0.74–1.27) 0.853
 45–49 0.79 (0.60–1.04) 0.094
Women’s educational level
 No formal education Ref  
 Primary school 0.91 (0.76–1.10) 0.380
 Secondary school 0.74 (0.53–1.03) 0.080
 Higher 0.71 (0.36–1.40) 0.333
Husband's educational level
 No formal education Ref  
 Primary school 0.84 (0.71–0.99)* 0.045
 Secondary school 0.87 (0.66–1.14) 0.314
 Higher 0.95 (0.47–1.91) 0.895
Women's occupation
 Not working Ref  
 Professional or technical or managerial 0.55 (0.30–1.01) 0.055
 Agricultural 0.82 (0.67–1.01) 0.074
 Manual 0.76 (0.58–1.00) 0.053
 Others 0.89 (0.72–1.08) 0.256
Wealth index
 Poorest Ref  
 Poor 0.90 (0.75–1.08) 0.286
 Middle 0.81 (0.68–0.96)* 0.020
 Rich 0.69 (0.57–0.84)*** 0.000
 Richest 0.68 (0.51–0.91)* 0.011
Reading of newspaper
 No Ref  
 Yes 1.09 (0.76–1.56) 0.614
Listening to radio
 No Ref  
 Yes 0.94 (0.82–1.07) 0.400
Watching television
 No Ref  
 Yes 0.99 (0.85–1.15) 0.925
Place of residence
 Urban Ref  
 Rural 1.07 (0.88–1.30) 0.477
Improved sanitation
 No Ref  
 Yes 0.92 (0.75–1.14) 0.478
Contraceptive use
 No Ref  
 Yes 0.68 (0.56–0.81)*** 0.000
Religion
 Christian Ref  
 Muslim 1.27 (1.11–1.46)** 0.001
 Others 0.73 (0.59–0.90)** 0.003
  1. Ref references, cOR crude Odd Ratio, aOR adjusted Odd Ratio, * significant at p < 0.05, ** significant at p < 0.01, *** significant at p < 0.001.