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Table 1 Characteristics of study participants

From: Don’t change who we are but give us a chance: confronting the potential of community health worker certification for workforce recognition and exclusion

  CHWs
N (%)
Program Managers
N (%)
Systems-level
N (%)
Number of participants 66 (100) 11 (100) 31 (100)
Type of organization
 Non-governmental organizationa 22 (33) 7 (64) 11 (36)
 Governmentb 5 (8) 1 (9) 10 (32)
 Health plan 8 (12) 1 (9) 1 (3)
 Health care providerc 17 (26) 2 (18) 3 (10)
 Academia 0 (0) 0 (0) 4 (13)
 Foundation 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (6)
dNot defined 14 (21) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Employment
 Full-time 39 (59) 11 (100) 31 (100)
 Part-time 5 (8) 0 (0) 0 (0)
 Volunteer 8 (12) 0 (0) 0 (0)
eNot defined 14 (21) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Language of Event
 English 12 (18) 9 (82) 31 (100)
 Spanish 31 (47) 0 (0) 0 (0)
fBilingual 23 (35) 2 (18) 0 (0)
Service area
 Urban 39 (59) 7 (64) 7 (23)
 Rural 5 (8) 1 (9) 0 (0)
 Urban and rural 22 (33) 3 (27) 4 (13)
gNot defined 0 (0) 0 (0) 20 (64)
Geographic Region
 Northern California 1 (1) 1 (9) 4 (13)
 Central California 3 (5) 1 (9) 1 (4)
 Southern California 62 (94) 9 (82) 6 (19)
 Statewide 0 (0) 0 (0) 14 (45)
 National 0 (0) 0 (0) 6 (19)
  1. aNon-governmental organizations (NGOs) included community-based organizations, coalitions, and advocacy and policy organizations
  2. bGovernment included Local, state, and federal government
  3. cHealth care providers included individuals or organizations providing clinical services (e.g., federally qualified health centers, clinics, hospitals)
  4. dTwo focus groups with 14 total participants included a mixture of NGO and health care provider organizations but data were not collected to identify the type of organization for each individual participant
  5. eTwo focus groups with 14 total participants included a mixture of full-time, part-time, and volunteer CHWs but data were not collected to identify the employment status for each individual participant
  6. fWhen both English and Spanish languages were spoken during an interview or focus group, the primary language of all participants was labeled “bilingual.”
  7. gStakeholder service area was labeled “not defined” when the stakeholders or stakeholder organization did not provide direct services to a specific geographic area