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Table 1 Socio-demographic distribution of the sample, Singapore, 2019-2020, Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices study on diabetes 

From: Dietary patterns of persons with chronic conditions within a multi-ethnic population: results from the nationwide Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices survey on diabetes in Singapore

Socio-demographic characteristics Total sample
(n = 2895)
No chronic physical condition
(n = 1243)
(Weighted = 46.21%)
One chronic physical condition
(n = 760)
(Weighted = 26.32%)
Two or more chronic physical conditions
(n = 884)
(Weighted = 27.21%)
  n Weighted % n Weighted % n Weighted % n Weighted %
Age groups
 18-34 823 29.89 537 42.63 207 29.06 78 9.34
 35-49 719 28.22 369 31.45 215 30.50 135 20.86
 50-64 774 26.75 239 18.27 203 27.48 328 40.01
 65 and above 579 15.13 98 7.65 135 12.96 343 29.79
Gender
 Female 1,474 51.55 605 51.64 416 54.96 448 47.63
 Male 1,421 48.45 638 48.36 344 45.04 436 52.37
Ethnicity
 Chinese 796 75.81 360 75.15 206 75.36 227 77.28
 Malay 974 12.73 410 12.97 251 12.47 310 12.60
 Indian 918 8.59 375 8.64 243 8.86 298 8.31
 Others 207 2.86 98 3.24 60 3.31 49 1.81
Education
 Primary and below 637 20.36 160 12.30 163 18.91 309 35.00
 Secondary 684 20.28 272 20.14 162 18.41 248 22.17
 Pre-Ua/Junior College 126 4.78 60 5.51 34 4.56 32 3.80
 Vocational Institute/ITEb 267 6.62 132 7.17 76 7.91 58 4.46
 Diploma 479 18.46 267 21.85 124 19.10 88 12.31
 Degree, professional certifications and above 702 29.50 352 33.04 201 31.13 149 22.26
Marital Status
 Single 731 29.20 443 39.10 182 27.50 105 14.30
 Married/Cohabiting 1,860 61.69 721 54.49 501 66.10 633 69.97
 Divorced/Separated/Widowed 303 9.10 78 6.40 77 6.40 146 15.72
 Refused 1 0.01 1 0.01 0 0.00 0 0.00
Employment
 Employed 1,933 70.49 922 77.16 525 72.22 482 57.56
 Economically inactive 829 25.37 263 19.05 204 24.39 358 36.94
 Unemployed 133 4.14 58 3.79 31 3.39 44 5.50
Personal Income (Monthly)c
 Below 2,000/No income 1,455 45.31 545 40.26 366 44.62 537 54.27
 2,000-3,999 698 23.94 334 26.59 190 23.19 173 20.09
 4,000-5,999 318 12.77 162 13.74 90 14.21 66 9.90
 6,000-9,999 183 7.82 92 8.89 47 6.79 44 7.09
 10,000 and above 117 5.68 45 5.25 36 6.88 36 5.31
 Don’t know/Refused 124 4.48 65 5.28 31 4.31 28 3.34
BMId
 Normal range ≥ 18.5 & <25 1263 53.39 617 55.80 346 59.31 298 43.78
 Underweight < 18.5 151 6.95 90 10.04 40 6.16 20 2.17
 Overweight ≥ 25 & <30.0 858 26.57 338 23.80 222 25.22 296 32.55
 Obese ≥ 30.0 420 8.97 150 7.63 100 6.58 168 13.62
 Refused 203 4.13 48 2.72 52 2.73 102 7.89
Classifications
 No chronic physical condition 1,243 46.21 - - - - - -
 One chronic physical condition 760 26.28 - - - - - -
 Two or more chronic physical conditions 884 27.18 - - - - - -
  1. aPre-U Pre-University
  2. bITE Institute of Technical Education
  3. cDenoted in Singapore Dollars (SGD). USD1 ≈ SGD1.4
  4. dBMI Body Mass Index