Skip to main content

Table 3 Multilevel modeling of institutional delivery among women aged 15-49 years in Ethiopia, 2019

From: Determinants and spatial distribution of institutional delivery in Ethiopia: evidence from Ethiopian Mini Demographic and Health Surveys 2019

Variables Model 0 Model I Model II Model III
Age    
 15–19 1 1
 20–24 2.46 (1.10–5.52)* 2.38 (1.07–5.30)*
 25–29 2.68 (1.20–5.97)* 2.422 (1.10–5.36)*
 30–34 3.43 (1.51–7.7.9) ** 2.92 (1.29–6.61)*
 35–39 3.13 (1.33–7.24) ** 2.60 (1.12–6.02)
 40–44 3.08 (1.26–7.54)* 2.50 (1.30–6.10)
 45–49 2.32 (0.85–6.27) 1.70 (0.62–4.52)
Highest education level achieved   
 No education 1 1
 Primary education 1.60 (1.25–2.06) ** 1.52 (1.20–1.95) **
 Secondary education 1.96 (1.13–3.39) ** 1.77 (1.03–3.07) **
 Higher education 6.89 (2.48–19.17)** 5.41 (1.91–15.25)**
 Preceding birth interval 1.01 (1.00–1.02)*** 1.01 (1.00–1.02)***
Literacy status   
 Not read and write 1 1
 Able to read whole sentence   1.24 (0.88–1.75)   1.15 (0.81–1.62)
 Read and write sentence   2.19 (1.44–3.35)*   1.94 (1.28–2.94)*
 No card with the language   1.32 (0.84–2.06)   1.51 (0.94–2.40)
ANC visits   
 No ANC 1 1
 1–2 ANC 2.09 (1.57–2.77)*** 2.08 (1.57–2.76)***
 3 ANC 3.27 (2.57–4.23) *** 3.24 (2.51–418) ***
  ≥ 4 ANCs 5.19 (4.15–6.48)*** 4.91 (3.93–6.15)***
Wealth status   
 Poor 1 1
 Middle 1.10 (0.84–1.44) 1.06 (0.81–1.38)
 Rich 3.48 (2.66–4.56)*** 2.40 (1.82–3.16)***
Birth order   
 First   Empty   Empty
 2nd   1.80 (1.444–2.47)***   1.86 (1.41–2.44)***
 > 3   Omitted   Omitted
Region    
 Tigray   19.14 (7.70–47.56)*** 9.35 (3.83–22.90) ***
 Afar   1 1
 Amhara   7.63 (3.33–17.58) *** 3.82 (1.67–8.73) ***
 Oromia   4.11 (1.81–9.30) *** 2.39 (1.14–5.01)
 Somali   0.53 (0.21–1.31) 0.93 (0.44–2.09)
 Benishangul   18.29 (7.42–45.06)*** 13.00 (5.89–28.69) ***
 SNNPR   5.17 (2.29–11.70) *** 4.89 (2.21–10.81) ***
 Gambela   6.45 (2.65–15.68) *** 4.22 (1.75–10.17) ***
 Harari   8.93.(3.45–23.10) *** 3.67 (1.60–8.42) ***
 Addis Ababa   16.20 (5.15–50.98) *** 13.15 (3.22–53.57) ***
 Dire Dawa   8.83 (3.34–23.35) *** 4.83 (2.05–11.38) ***
Residence    
 Urban   1  
 Rural   0.06 (0.03–0.10)*** 0.18 (0.11–0.31)***
  1. SNNP South Nation Nationalities people, ANC Antenatal care
  2. NB: * = p < 0.05, ** = p < 0.01, & *** = p < 0.001