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Table 1 Population Attributable Factor (PAF) calculated from the negative binomial regression by period of interest in the Belgian COVID-19 crisis. Entire period: 1 March 2020 2021 – 1 June 2021, Wave 1: 1 March 2020 – 22 June 2020; Interwave 1: 23 June 2020 – 30 August 2020; Wave 2: 31 August 2020 – 1 December 2020; Interwave 2: 2 December 2020 – 14 February 2021; Wave 3: 15 February 2021 – 1 June 2021. PAF = Population Attributable Fraction

From: The association between area deprivation and COVID-19 incidence: a municipality-level spatio-temporal study in Belgium, 2020–2021

Period PAF 95% CI
Entire period 8.91 [8.79, 9.05]
Wave 1 -6.17% [-6.50, -5.86]
Interwave 1 -8.24% [-8.60, -7.89]
Wave 2 16.18% [16.02, 16.37]
Interwave 2 6.59% [6.35, 6.83]
Wave 3 17.34% [17.14, 17.53]