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Table 1 Distribution of IPV justification across demographic characteristics of women in union

From: Impact of socio-demographic and economic factors on intimate partner violence justification among women in union in Papua New Guinea

  IPV Justification  
Characteristics Total, n(%) Yes, n(%) No. n(%) p-value
Age groups (years)      < 0.001
 15–19 353(3.6) 279(79.0) 74(21.0)  
 20–24 1495(15.2) 1059(70.8) 436(29.2)  
 25–29 2007(20.4) 1429(71.2) 578(28.8)  
 30–34 1896(19.2) 1286(67.8) 610(32.2)  
 35–39 1754(17.8) 1201(68.5) 553(31.5)  
 40–44 1322(13.4) 866(65.5) 456(34.5)  
 45–49 1028(10.4) 674(65.6) 354(34.4)  
Place of residence     0.034
 Rural 7447(75.6) 5092(68.4) 2355(31.6)  
 Urban 2408(24.4) 1702(70.7) 706(29.3)  
Highest education level      < 0.001
 No education 2262(23.0) 1518(67.1) 744(32.9)  
 Primary 4893(49.7) 3435(70.2) 1458(29.8)  
 Secondary 2303(23.4) 1613(70.0) 690(23.0)  
 Higher 397(4.0) 228(57.4) 169(42.6)  
Religion     0.182
 Christian 9743(99.0) 6712(68.9) 3031(31.1)  
 Non-Christian 52(0.5) 36(69.2) 16(30.8)  
 No religion 48(0.5) 39(81.2) 9(18.8)  
Wealth index     0.027
 Poorest 1481(15.0) 989(66.8) 492(33.2)  
 Poorer 1581(16.0) 1085(68.6) 496(31.4)  
 Middle 1836(18.6) 1239(67.5) 597(32.5)  
 Richer 2385(24.2) 1698(71.2) 687(28.8)  
 Richest 2572(26.1) 1783(69.3) 789(30.7)  
Marital status      < 0.001
 Married 8184(83.0) 5568(68.0) 2616(32.0)  
 Co-habitation 1671(17.0) 1226(73.4) 445(26.6)  
Co-wives      < 0.001
 No 7929(81.2) 5389(68.0) 2540(32.0)  
 Yes 1835(18.8) 1350(73.6) 485(26.4)  
Currently residing with partner     0.517
 Living together 8490(86.6) 5849(68.9) 2641(31.1)  
 Staying elsewhere 1317(13.4) 919(69.8) 398(30.2)  
Number of kids     0.023
 None 1004(10.2) 704(70.1) 300(29.9)  
 1–2 3478(35.3) 2450(70.4) 1028(29.6)  
 3–4 3195(32.4) 2177(68.1) 1018(31.9)  
 5–6 1662(16.9) 1132(68.1) 530(31.9)  
 7 and more 516(5.2) 331(64.1) 185(35.9)  
Occupational status     0.479
 Not working 6035(62.1) 4150(68.8) 1885(31.2)  
 Employed 3689(37.9) 2562(69.5) 1127(30.5)  
Partner’s age (years)      < 0.001
 15–24 711(7.5) 517(72.7) 194(27.3)  
 25–34 3204(33.7) 2265(70.7) 939(29.3)  
 35–44 3262(34.2) 2234(68.5) 1028(31.5)  
 45 +  2340(24.6) 1549(66.2) 791(33.8)  
Partner’s educational level      < 0.001
 No education 1671(17.4) 1100(65.8) 571(34.2)  
 Primary 4207(43.8) 2926(69.6) 1281(30.4)  
 Secondary 2914(30.3) 2070(71.0) 844(29.0)  
 Higher 812(8.5) 530(65.3) 282(34.7)  
Watch television      < 0.001
 No 7405(75.6) 5038(68.0) 2367(32.0)  
 Yes 2395(24.4) 1725(72.0) 670(28.0)  
Listen to radio     0.005
 No 6206(63.5) 4213(67.9) 1993(32.1)  
 Yes 3570(36.5) 2521(70.6) 1049(29.4)  
Read newspapers/magazines     0.009
 No 6166(62.8) 4196(68.0) 1970(32.0)  
 Yes 3651(37.2) 2576(70.6) 1075(29.4)