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Table 3 Bivariate and multiple logistic regression of the predictors IPV justification among women in union in PNG

From: Impact of socio-demographic and economic factors on intimate partner violence justification among women in union in Papua New Guinea

Predictors Unadjusted OR (95%CI) p-value Adjusted OR (95%CI) P-value
Age groups (years)
 15–19 1   1  
 20–24 0.64(0.49–0.85) 0.002 0.70(0.51–0.94) 0.019
 25–29 0.66(0.50–0.86) 0.003 0.67(0.49–0.92) 0.014
 30–34 0.56(0.43–0.74)  < 0.001 0.58(0.41–0.80) 0.001
 35–39 0.58(0.44–0.76)  < 0.001 0.61(0.43–0.87) 0.005
 40–44 0.50(0.38–0.67)  < 0.001 0.53(0.37–0.76) 0.001
 45–49 0.50(0.38–0.67)  < 0.001 0.53(0.37–0.77) 0.001
Place of residence
 Rural 1   1  
 Urban 1.11(1.01–1.23) 0.034 1.03(0.90–1.18) 0.639
Highest education level
 No education 1   1  
 Primary 1.15(1.04–1.29) 0.008 1.02(0.89–1.16) 0.815
 Secondary 1.15(1.01–1.30) 0.033 0.86(0.73–1.03) 0.094
 Higher 0.66(0.53–0.82)  < 0.001 0.56(0.42–0.74)  < 0.001
Marital status
 Married 1   1  
 Co-habiting 1.29(1.15–1.46)  < 0.001 1.33(1.17–1.50)  < 0.001
Co-wives
 No 1   1  
 Yes 1.31(1.17–1.47)  < 0.001 1.36(1.20–1.53)  < 0.001
Partner’s age (years)
 15–24 1   1  
 25–34 0.91(0.75–1.09) 0.282 1.05(0.85–1.30) 0.650
 35–44 0.82(0.68–0.98) 0.027 1.00(0.79–1.27) 0.995
 45 +  0.73(0.61–0.88) 0.001 0.93(0.71–1.21) 0.584
Partner’s educational level
 No education 1   1  
 Primary 1.19(1.05–1.34) 0.006 1.13(0.98–1.29) 0.091
 Secondary 1.27(1.12–1.45)  < 0.001 1.15(0.98–1.35) 0.083
 Higher 0.98(0.82–1.16) 0.784 0.99(0.79–1.24) 0.925
Number of kids
 None 1   1  
 1–2 0.98(0.84–1.15) 0.851 1.01(0.86–1.20) 0.866
 3–4 0.89(0.76–1.05) 0.161 0.98(0.82–1.18) 0.850
 5–6 0.90(0.76–1.07) 0.239 1.05(0.86–1.29) 0.601
 7 and more 0.80(0.65–0.98) 0.031 1.02(0.80–1.29) 0.892
Exposure to television
 No 1   1  
 Yes 1.21(1.09–1.34)  < 0.001 1.24(1.08–1.42) 0.002
Exposure to radio
 No 1   1  
 Yes 1.14(1.04–1.24) 0.005 1.02(0.91–1.15) 0.731
Exposure newspapers/magazines
 No 1   1  
 Yes 1.13(1.03–1.23) 0.010 1.12(0.99–1.27) 0.077
Wealth index
 Poorest 1   1  
 Poorer 1.09(0.94–1.27) 0.274 1.09(0.93–1.28) 0.296
 Middle 1.03(0.89–1.19) 0.668 1.05(0.89–1.23) 0.564
 Richer 1.23(1.07–1.41) 0.004 1.19(1.01–1.40) 0.035
 Richest 1.12(0.98–1.29) 0.093 1.06(0.88–1.29) 0.534