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Table 1 Items of the 8-item version of the Center of Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale (51)

From: Measurement equivalence of the CES-D 8 in the general population in Belgium: a gender perspective

How much of the time during the past week...
Answers range from 0 (none or almost none of the time) to 3 (all or almost all of the time)
... did you feel depressed?
... did you feel everything you did was an effort?
... was your sleep restless?
... were you happy?
... did you feel lonely?
... did you enjoy life?
... did you feel sad?
... were you unable to get going?