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Table 1 Characteristics of a sample (n = 125) of new entrants in four nursing homes (%)

From: Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (I-ADL) trigger an urgent request for nursing home admission

  Men (n = 31) Women (n = 94)
Dependency scale (Katz)   
Category O/A 8 (26%) 30 (32%)
Category B/C 23 (74%) 64 (68%)
Marital status   
Widower/widow 14 (45%) 78 (83%)
Married 17 (55%) 16 (17%)
Living conditions   
Living alone (negative living condition) 11 (36%) 52 (55%)
Living protected (positive living condition) 2 (6%) 12 (13%)
Living together (positive living condition) 18 (58%) 30 (32%)
Disease   
Somatic disease 16 (52%) 40 (43%)
Mental disease 15 (48%) 54 (57%)
Total 31 (100%) 94 (100%)
I-ADL (dependent from others)   
Cleaning 29 (94%) 80 (85%)
Cooking 28 (90%) 74 (79%)
Mobility outside 21 (68%) 62 (66%)
Laundry/ironing 28 (90%) 70 (74%)
Administration 19 (61%) 66 (70%)
P-ADL (dependent from others)   
Washing 17 (55%) 46 (49%)
Dressing 17 (55%) 44 (47%)
Mobility 12 (39%) 31 (33%)
Using the toilet 12 (39%) 34 (36%)
Incontinence 9 (29%) 17 (18%)
Eating 4 (13%) 9 (10%)
  1. - For the dependency category, marital status, living conditions and disease, the percentage is expressed relative to the size of the specific population.
  2. - For the I-ADL and P-ADL scales, several items can be indicated simultaneously. For instance, 9 out of 10 men are dependent on help from others for cleaning, cooking and laundry.
  3. - Positive living conditions included living together with others, or living in the proximity of helpful people (protected living). Negative living conditions are the opposite.