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Table 1 General characteristics of the studied population (n = 186)

From: Distorted self-perceived weight status and its associated factors among civil servants in Tamale, Ghana: a cross-sectional study

Variable Total (n = 186) Men (n = 121) Women (n = 65) P value
Age (years)
< 40 150 (80.6%) 94 (77.7%) 56 (86.2%) 0.1790
≥ 40 36 (19.4%) 27 (22.3%) 9 (13.8%)  
Educational level
High 167 (89.8%) 108 (89.3%) 59 (90.8%) 0.8056
Weight status measured by WHR
Normal weight 105 (56.5%) 78 (64.5%) 27 (41.5%) 0.0032
Overweight 23 (12.4%) 12 (10.0%) 11 (16.9%) 0.1707
Obese 58 (31.2%) 31 (25.6) 27 (41.5%) 0.0312
Self-Perceived weight status
Overweight/obese 17 (9.1%) 14 (11.6%) 3 (4.6%) 0.1808
Normal weight 169 (90.9%) 107 (88.4%) 62 (95.4%)  
Classification of Self-Perceived weight status
Distorted 82 (44.1%) 50 (41.3%) 32 (49.2%) 0.2622
Non-distorted 104 (55.9%) 71 (58.7%) 33 (50.8%)  
Ever tried to lose weight
Yes 72 (38.7%) 41 (33.9%) 31 (47.7%) 0.0824
No 114 (61.3%) 80 (66.1%) 34 (52.3%)  
Methods used to lose weight
Diet 36 (50.0%) 15 (36.6%) 21 (67.7%) 0.0167
Exercise 36 (50.0%) 26 (63.4%) 10 (32.3%)  
Health personnel’s advised me to lose weight
Yes 32 (44.4%) 21 (51.2%) 11 (35.5%) 0.2337
No 40 (55.6%) 20 (48.8%) 20 (64.5%)  
Has awareness on obesity and its health effects
Yes 168 (90.3%) 112 (92.6%) 56 (86.2%) 0.1949
No 18 (9.7%) 9 (7.4%) 9 (13.8%)  
  1. Data are presented as proportion and analyzed using Fischer’s exact test.