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Table 2 Bivariate analysis of factors related to measles vaccination in children 12-23 months old

From: Why children are not vaccinated against measles: a cross-sectional study in two Nigerian States

Factor Cross river Bauchi
  OR (95% CIca) OR (95% CIca)
Child factors   
Sex (male) 0.96 (0.79-1.15) 1.04 (0.88-1.22)
With birth certificate 2.74 (2.16-3.47) 3.35 (2.50-4.50)
Household socio-economic status   
Household considers their financial situation to be average or above 1.42 (1.15-1.75) 1.29 (0.99-1.69)
Household had enough food in the last week 1.57 (1.26-1.96) 1.06 (0.76-1.48)
Father has higher paying occupation 1.12 (0.87-1.45) 2.05 (1.58-2.65)
Female headed household 0.87 (0.67-1.12) 1.16 (0.44-3.04)
Maternal empowerment   
Mother has an income of her own and takes part in decision on how to spend it 1.31 (1.07-1.62) 0.94 (0.76-1.16)
Mother or caregiver decided about immunizing the child 0.87 (0.69-1.08) 2.11 (1.47-3.01)
Parental education   
Mother has any formal education   3.71 (2.74-5.05)
Father has any formal education   2.94 (2.20-3.91)
Mother has junior secondary or higher education 1.90 (1.51-2.39)  
Father has junior secondary or higher education 1.56 (1.26-1.94)  
Maternal knowledge and attitudes   
Mother has heard about immunisation 1.32 (0.35-4.99) 8.59 (4.69-15.72)
Mother thinks immunising children is worthwhile 2.91 (1.48-5.72) 7.56 (5.20-10.98)
Household discussed immunisation at home 2.80 (2.11-3.72) 5.00 (3.76-6.65)
Community factors   
Urban community 1.22 (0.87-1.70) 2.04 (1.32-3.16)
Community has an active village health committee 1.17 (0.85-1.62) 1.61 (1.04-2.51)
Community received immunization campaign visits apart from polio days 1.19 (0.80-1.75) 1.38 (0.92-2.06)
Community has a government health facility providing immunization services 1.54 (1.12-2.11) 1.48 (1.00-2.18)
  1. Bold font indicates bivariate associations significant at the 5% level.